The prevalence of exotropia, esotropia, intermittent, paralytic strabismus, Brown syndrome and Duane Refraction
The paralytic strabismus was found to be maximum in the year 2018.
Exotropia was found to be the most common type of strabismus in this population followed by esotropia, paralytic strabismus and intermittent exotropia being the least common.
The study included 36 patients who attended strabismus O.P.D with paralytic strabismus of recent onset within 3 months with chief complaint of double vision.
Inclusion Criteria: All cases of paralytic strabismus of recent onset within 3 months with chief complaint of double vision attending strabismus O.P.D.
Buckley, "General principles in the surgical treatment of paralytic strabismus," American Orthoptic Journal, vol.
Ling, "Clinical effect of partial rectus muscle transplantation surgery in the treatment of paralytic strabismus," Chinese Journal of Practical Ophthalmology, vol.
BoNT is particularly suitable for complicated cases such as patients who should avoid general anesthesia, patients with paralytic strabismus or postoperative consecutive strabismus, patients with deviations less than 40 diopters, cases of active thyroid orbitopathy, patients with cyclic esotropia, and those who have undergone multiple strabismus surgeries.
Furthermore, BoNT has taken its place in medicine as a powerful chemical alternative to strabismus surgery which, especially in pediatric esotropia and most types of paralytic strabismus, can be as effective as surgery without altering the muscular anatomy.
in Binocular Vision and Ocular Motility, Theory and Management of Strabismus.