In 1786 on a visit to Krichev (in present day Belarus) to see his brother Samuel who advised Prince Potemkin, he seized on the idea of the panopticon and developed it as a form of contract management that he saw as particularly appropriate for the model form of the prison, both more economical and more effective.
In Discipline & Punish: The Birth of the Prison (1977) Michel Foucault picks up on the significance of Bentham's Panopticon as a means of addressing disciplinary societies.
The information panopticon has lead Dobson and Fisher (2007) to hypothesize three models: Bentham's and Foucault's model of the disciplinary society; the Orwellian "Big Brother" ideal of surveillance; and the final form of high-tech human tracking systems based on geographical information systems (GIS), cell phones and radio-frequency identification tags that are cheap and effective means of providing surveillance for every day use by employers, parents, and neighbors instead of solely for national security.
The prison is structured with all of the diabolical precision that Bentham's plan prescribed: "It was a panopticon she forced them to build, a hollow circle of cells shaped like a doughnut, the inward-facing wall of which was composed of grids of steel and, in the middle of the roofed, central courtyard, there was a round room surrounded by windows.
The panopticon individualizes its inmates in an impersonal and diabolical way: "one finds in the programme of the Panopticon a.