Lots 2013 and 2014) A complex Arabian postal history followed with numerous overprints as the political situation changed in the aftermath of World War I and the Ottoman Sultanate
For one, the Ottoman Sultanate
used to be considered the Orient, despite the fact that it included a pretty large chunk of Europe.
In the Arab, including Palestinian, lands of the Ottoman Sultanate
until 1917/18 and, to a lesser degree, well into the late 1940s, conditions of deprivation, oppression, ignorance, illiteracy, poverty, misery, humiliation, backwardness and superstition, class--based discrimination and subjugation to foreign rule prevailed.
The Republic of Lebanon stands on territories that were, for several centuries, part of the Ottoman Sultanate
, and before that, from the seventh century AD, of many Islamic kingdoms commencing with the three historic Caliphates of the Rashideen, the Umayyads and the Abbasids.
But more importantly, many will be able to bring forth a document (and usually with a seal of approval from the Ottoman Sultanate
or British Mandate) bearing witness that this individual or family either purchased or are in ownership of this land or property.
Most of the Middle East was part of the Ottoman sultanate
, the last of the great Muslim empires.