, Munchen (Languages of the World / Materials 305).
At one point he threatened to push the driver off the sleigh altogether, but the reindeer plodded dutifully on and they stopped at the occasional Ostyak
huts for food and warmth.
I will mainly be referring to optional object agreement in Northern Ostyak
.(1) Section 2 outlines the terminology relevant for the paper and the previous research on secondary topic.
1965, Northern Ostyak
Chrestomathy, The Hague--Bloomington (UAS 47).
The Mordvin data is wanting, as only 28 words are included in it (while only 16 Vogul and Ostyak
, 17 Chuvash and 20 Votyak words).
1966, Eastern Ostyak
Chrestomathy, Bloomington--The Hague (UAS 51).
, for instance, only the former have marked accusative case, in Finnish they assume a marked accusative where nouns remain unmarked, and so on.
spare [number]'; javreni 'serebro / silver' and jelenejavreni [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.] / quicksilver', cf.
"The Mordva" (1955), "The Ostyak
(Khanty) and "The Vogul (Mansy)" (1955), "The Equivalents of English 'than' in Finno-Ugric" (1960), "Johdatuste strukturaalikielitieteeseen" (TL 30, 1963), "Eesti keele etumoloogiline teatmik" (Rooma--Toronto, 1982).
This occurs especially in the 3pssg mainly in Cheremis [Mari] [--] Vogul [Mansi], Ostyak
[Hanti] and Samoyedic, infrequently also in Mordvin.
Blazek prefers to consider the origin of Hungarian and Ostyak
words, on the one hand, (Ug.
Marcantonio writes: "Between the 15th and 17th centuries, a belief arose that Hungarian is closely related to Vogul and Ostyak
, that is the "Ugric" people.", and that, according to B.
and Hungarian are still held to form the conventional Ugric node, even though it is now generally recognised that Hungarian is radically different in phonology, morphology, lexicon and syntax from the other Ugric languages (Abondolo 1987; Sammallahti 1988; Helimski 1984 : 253).
Cluster 2 (Circumpolar Eurasia): Eastern Sami; Ainu; Dolgan; Sym Evenki; Nganasan; Enets; Negidals; Mansi; Tundra Nenets; Southern Selkup; Northern Selkup; Ket, Yug; Eastern Khanty (Ostyaks
); Northern Khanty; Nivkh; Far East Evenki; Nanai; Udihe; Oroch; Yukaghir; Evens (Lamuts); Baikal Evenki; Western Evenki; Yakut; Wotians; Sorbs;
and Voguls, who live in northwest Siberia (mostly near the Ural Mountains and in the Ob River basin), call the Milky Way the Southern Birds' Road or the Ducks' Road.