Weihs, "Boxfishes (Teleostei: Ostraciidae
) as a model system for fishes swimming with many fins: kinematics," Journal of Experimental Biology, vol.
Nonetheless, the occurrence of predominantly nearshore warmwater sharks and non-shark taxa (unreported fossils in the GCVP collections), such as sawfishes (Pristis sp.), barracudas (Sphyraena sp.), boxfishes (Ostraciidae
), crocodiles, trionichid turtles, emydid-like turtles, sea turtles, palaeopheid snakes, and a moderately large brontotherid, all suggest that warm climatic conditions persisted year round.
They possess a typical balistoid (Balistidae, Monacanthidae, and the Ostraciidae
) hyoid arch with no hypertrophy of the first branchiostegal ray or the associated hyohyoideus abductor muscle, and the pectoral girdle is unmodified relative to other file fishes (Matsuura 1979; Tyler 1980).
Moyer (4) reported that Lactoria fornasini (Ostraciidae
) produces a spawning sound ("a high-pitched hum") synchronous with gamete release.
and Labridae sp., tangs from Acanthuridae sp., and scales from Ostraciidae
-- -- -- Ostraciidae
Lactophrys yuadricornis -- -- -- Lactophrys spp.
quadricornis, and family Ostraciidae
, which are listed (in common name field), respectively, as honeycomb cowfish, scrawled cowfish, and other cowfish.
Stephanolepis hispida (Linnaeus, 1766) Ostraciidae
1 0 Monacanthus ciliatus 184 2 Monacanthus tuckeri 113 8 Ogcocephalidae Ogcocephalus nasutus 3 0 Halieutichthys aculeatus 4 0 Ophidiidae All species 5 0 Ostraciidae
3 4 1.98 Ostraciidae
3 25 3.84 Sparisomatinae 3 4 1.77 Perciformes 3 3 3.31 Diodon sp.