The results of old-field succession today, particularly in urban areas such as Muncie, differ from 50 or 100 years ago due to the high number of non-native species introduced to the United States over the past half century (Bargeron et al.
Relationship of life forms and diversity in old-field succession. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 110:449-453.
Keywords: Old-field succession; tree species diversity; Quercus imbricaria; forest regeneration
Proximity to surrounding forest vegetation has been shown in the present study to be important as a determinant of species diversity and composition during old-field succession. Reduced forest border and increased distance from forest stands increases establishment of wind and bird dispersed tree species over mammal dispersed species.
argue that pastures are a kind of old-field succession
because they are
The 145-acre (59-hectare) Taylor University Arboretum in east central Indiana affords an excellent opportunity to apply FQA protocol to a series of sites in stages of old-field succession
ranging from 1 year to approximately 50 years.
In this article we present data from the midwestern United States on woody plant emergence, abundance, mortality and species richness in an extensive, well-replicated permanent plot study of old-field succession
in southwest Michigan.
Such sites include those with extreme N deficiency and poorly weathered soil (Melillo and Gosz 1983, Vitousek and Howarth 1991), a thick forest floor (Silvester 1978), higher soil pH (Nohrstedt 1985), or early stages of old-field succession
Allelopathy as expressed by Helianthus annuus and its role in old-field succession
. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 95:432-448.
Abundance-based diversity and evenness in an old-field succession
study in Ohio displayed this same trend (Tramer, 1975).
Dry-land willow, buffelgrass, and bermudagrass were dominant species after five years of old-field succession
. Dry-land willow may prepare the site for colonization by pioneer tree species such as honey mesquite, huisache, and retama on more mesic sites.
The purposes of this note are: (1) to document the pattern of old-field succession
for phytophagous orthopteran species using data collected from fields of different ages, as well as data collected from comparisons of the same field across time; and (2) to relate the pattern of orthopteran succession to the interactions between orthopteran mandibular morphologies and the shift in plant community composition from primarily forbs to mixtures of grass and forb species.
The initial floristic composition model was explicitly developed to explain vegetation dynamics during old-field succession
(Egler 1954, Finegan 1984), Given that abandoned fields can be quite large and variable, it is unreasonable to assume that all species will be scattered throughout the entire field at the start of succession.