Although the Hodenosaunee were never referred to as the Seven, Eight, or Nine Nations following the admission of other nations, including the Tuteloes and Nanticokes, it was referenced as the Six Nations after the Tuscaroras were added to the Longhouse in 1714.
With instructions set forth by General George Washington, Sullivan was ordered "to cut off their settlements, destroy their crops, and inflict on them every other injury which time and circumstances permit." (72) In a devastating "scorched earth" campaign, Sullivan's expedition severely punished the league's neutral nations of Senecas, Cayugas, Tuteloes, and Nanticokes. Organized in Pennsylvania, the Sullivan expedition marched up the Wyoming Valley to Tioga Point, now Athens, where General James Clinton joined them, creating a combined army of six thousand men.
Following the razing of the Senecas, Sullivan returned to a point near Geneva where he divided his expedition in preparation for his attack upon the Cayugas, Tuteloes, and Nanticokes. In two detachments, one of six hundred men commanded by Lieutenant Colonel William Butler, and a second of two hundred men commanded by Colonel Henry Dearborn, they started out on September 20 to punish the Cayugas and associated nations.
(76) In this campaign against the Cayugas, Tuteloes, and Nanticokes, General Sullivan reports:
Amid the Sullivan Campaign, the Tuteloes, together with some Cayugas and the Nanticokes, were forced back to Niagara into British protection.
(88) While these nations, together with the Tuteloes, Nanticokes, and portions of the Oneidas and Tuscaroras, remained settled around Fort Niagara, they continued under British supervision and generated hostility with the Americans in western New York.
(30) At Shamokin, the Tutelo together with several Algonquian tribes including the Delaware, Munsee-Mahican, Nanticoke, Conoy, and later the Shawnee were collectively brought under the governance of an Oneida chieftain, Shikellamy, who served as viceroy for the Iroquois conquered lands and peoples in the Susquehanna region.