It is quite interesting that the iconoclastic Council of Hieria accused the supporters of icons of being akin to both monophysitism
But even in its officially sanctioned forms, the trinitarianism of the classical tradition ruled out as plainly heretical the docetism, monarchianism and monophysitism
that would have justified any such bald statement of Christ's divinity as the slogan "Jesus is God".
The story has been viewed as representing part of Soloviev's "veiled controversy with Tolstoy," his final salvo, as it were, in an intense debate over spiritual matters which had gone on for years.(62) The issue, of course, was Tolstoy's "new religion," which Soloviev understood to be but a variant of ancient heresies such as Arianism and Monophysitism
. The story is also generally considered to be his final legacy to an unbelieving world; in it he offered his own perspectives on biblical prophecy in answer to millenarian expectations.
The most obvious case is Monophysitism
, the belief that Christ has a single nature rather than different divine and human natures, which became the majority faith in Egypt but not elsewhere.
Both men, of course, were champions of Monophysitism
, something specifically addressed by the hymnographer.
Just as the disaffected Syrians and Egyptians were to embrace Monophysitism
a hundred and fifty years later mainly to act as a thorn in the flesh of the Byzantine Empire, so the disaffected Punics and Berbers embraced Donatism in the fourth century in order to assert their independence and to aggravate their hated masters in Rome.
Shadhid analyzes the significance of Monophysitism
to the Ghassanids, writing much more sensitively on this topic than did another specialist on Monophysitism
Geographically confined to Egypt and theologically isolated from the rest of Christianity following their adoption of monophysitism
after 451, the Copts have only recently begun to attract the attention of the West, especially since substantial numbers began to emigrate to Europe and North America 25 years ago.
Was he of a single divine nature as the Orientals were alleged to have asserted (Monophysitism
), or of two natures that were united without confusion, change, division, or separation as the Western Christians insisted (Chalcedonianism)?
To some degree, this latent monophysitism
stems from the status of divine immutability as an aesthetical paradigm in Christian imagination.
If I were missioned there, I would want to bring brains to an alogical world, to bring the doctrine of the Filioque to bear in a world which has been prone to Monophysitism
, the world of Eastern Christianity, in which this world is condemned to futility, awaiting only to be subsumed by the Light that engulfs all single forms.
Lossky also speaks of an equally problematic "ecclesiological Monophysitism
," wherein everything within the Church is lifted to the same divine level, every detail is sacred, nothing can be changed, and where human freedom has no place.
Responding to a surge of heresies that either tried to separate entirely Christ's divine nature from his human nature (Nestorianism) or join them into a single nature (Monophysitism
), the bishops at Chalcedon definitively split Christ's divine and human natures while balancing them in perfect union: We confess to one and the same our Lord Jesus Christ, and we all teach harmoniously [that he is] the same perfect in godhead, the same perfect in manhood, truly God and truly man, the same of a reasonable soul and body; homoousios with the Father in godhead, and the same homoousios with us in manhood ...
A century later, Arianism, exacerbated by Nestorianism, mutated into Monophysitism
, the doctrine that the Incarnate Christ had but a single nature, the divine, as opposed to the orthodox teaching of a divine-human duality.
The great heresy which divided Christianity at the time was Monophysitism
. Rome and the orthodox who accepted Rome's fiat defended the dogma that Christ possessed two natures, human and divine, while the Monophysites held the view, more or less passionately, that the divine nature predominated.