envisages the device being implanted in people with a history of heart disease, valve disease or some other potential cause of clots,' said New Scientist.
" are apt to appear, individuals who take it upon themselves to police the decision taken and to dissuade dissenters from rocking the boat.
In Danieli's (1998) terms, this "conspiracy of silence" reflects a manifest and/or latent message that only certain topics may be discussed, and these only in certain 'acceptable' ways (5) Self-appointed 'mindguards
'--these are members who 'protect' the group from learning information that is problematic or contradictory to the group's cohesiveness, view and/or decisions.
* Self-appointed "mindguards
" who protect the group from information that might challenge the group's complacency.
According to Janis [in the 1972 book, Victims of Groupthink], groupthink is characterized by: (1) the illusion that the group is invulnerable; (2) a collective effort to rationalize; (3) a tendency to ignore ethical and moral consequences of group decisions; (4) stereotyped views of other groups; (5) active pressure to change the views of any deviate member; (6) self-censorship of deviations from apparent group consensus; (7) a shared illusion of unanimity; and (8) the emergence of "mindguards
" who take it upon themselves to guard the group against information not in accord with the group consensus.