Cataract surgery in infants with microphthalmos
. Source: Graefe's Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol.
A normal axial length, provided by biometry, excluded microphthalmos
; nystagmus and iris transillumination were absent which eliminates the probability of ocular albinism .
has been reported in Yorkshire pigs , White Shorthorn cattle, Jersey calves, and Hereford cattle (as a part of encephalopathy-microphthalmos syndrome).
is a developmental disorder of the eye characterized by an axial length of at least 2 standard deviations below the mean for age .
It was initially thought that the effects of cryotherapy were responsible for high myopia in retinopathy of prematurity, however, it is now believed to be due to relative anterior microphthalmos
(relative growth arrest of the anterior segment compared to the posterior segment).
Early-onset congenital cataracts associated with microcornea, microphthalmos
, and micropupil are essential ocular features of the CCFDN syndrome observed in the first days of life .
(10.) Jung KI, Yang JW Lee YC, Kim SY Cataract Surgery in Eyes With Nanophthalmos and relative anterior microphthalmos
. Am J Ophthalmol.
Subjects with only one eye, ocular tumors, congenital glaucoma, congenital cataract, congenital nystagmus, microphthalmos
, optic nerve or retinal disease, active cornea infections, corneal scars, and severe visual impairment of any cause (Snellen best corrected visual acuity [less than or equal to] 0.1) were excluded.
Classic findings seen with posterior type include microphthalmos
and a retrolental mass within the Cloquet's canal, often described as a "martini glass" or "wine glass" appearance, representing the persistent fibrovascular tissue that places traction on the retina causing detachment.
(small and abnormal eye) and microcornea (corneal diameter less than 10 mm) are often associated with other anterior segment abnormalities like glaucoma or cataracts.
Clinicopathologic correlation of microphthalmos
Conditions may make an upper eyelid appear low (pseudoptosis), including a hypertropia on the contralateral side, microphthalmos
, blepharochalasis, phthisis bulbi, dermatochala-sis, or a superior sulcus defect secondary to trauma or cicatrix.
New observations on midline defects: coincidence of anophthalmos, microphthalmos
and cryptophthalmos with hypothalamic disorders.
The spectrum of changes that have been reported are nystagmus, strabismus, microphthalmos
, ptosis, blue sclera, pigmentation of the conjunctiva, corneal changes, cataract, optic atrophy, vitreous haemorrhage and myopia.
* Nitrofurantoin was associated with anophthalmia or microphthalmos
(adjusted odds ratio [AOR]= 3.7; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.1-12.2), hypoplastic left heart syndrome (AOR=4.2; 95% CI, 1.9-9.1), atrial septal defects (AOR=I.9; 95% CI, 1.1-3.4), and cleft lip with cleft palate (AOR=2.1; 95% CI, 1.2-3.9).