However, similar thickening may also be seen in Menetrier's disease
, lymphoma, scirrhous carcinoma, Crohn's disease, and granulomatous disease.
Lymphocytic gastritis may be found in association with coeliac disease (glutensensitive enteropathy), Menetrier's disease
(hypertrophic gastropathy characterised by a hypertrophic gastric mucosa with convoluted, thickened mucosal folds and protein-losing enteropathy), as an abnormal response to HP infection or NSAID use, or in association with lymphocytic/collagenous colitis.
The gastric mucosa can be thickened (hypertrophic gastric folds mimic Menetrier's disease
in some cases), but it can be atrophic with polypoid lesions in others [6,12,15].
This patient was found to have oesophageal xanthalasma and Barrett's oesophagus on endoscopy, and was then shown to have Menetrier's disease
on endoscopic ultrasound.
Hypertrophic gastropathy (Menetrier's disease
) and several immunodeficiency syndromes have also been linked with gastric cancer, but the strength of these associations is uncertain.