Studies have shown that medicinal plants exhibit changes in the chemical composition of the essential oil as a result of increasing drying temperatures, such as in the case of clove basil (Ocimum gratissimum L.) (SANTANA et al., 2014), Melissa officinalis
(ARGYROPOULOS & MULLER, 2014), and guaco (Mikania glomerata Sprengel) (RADUNZ et al., 2010).
The lowest in vitro inhibitory activity was observed for the Mentha piperita, Chamaemelum nobile, Melissa officinalis
, Thymus vulgaris, Plantago lanceolata, Calendula officinalis, Tilia europaea, Aloysia citrodora, Syzygium aromaticum, Coriandrum sativum, Cinnamomum verum, Papaver rhoeas, Aframomum, Helianthus annuus, Cuminum cyminum L., Sesamum indicum, Coffea arabica, Curcuma longa, Equisetum arvense, Hypericum perforatum, Origanum vulgare, Rosmarinus officinalis, Camellia sinensis, and Vaccinium myrtillus plant extracts, all being inactive as antiproliferative agent toward the human cell lines (Table 1).
According to this survey and documents of traditional manuscripts, six medicinal herbs including Myrtus communis, Melissa officinalis
, Ocimum basilicum, Malus domestica, Terminalia chebula, and Curcuma zedoaria were cited for both cardiology and geriatric approaches.
Future studies that address these limitations, as well as provide evidence for optimal dosing, safety and tolerability, comparative and outcome data will strengthen understanding of the role of Melissa officinalis
Avaliacao da atividade antibacteriana dos extratos metanolico e hexanico do caule folhado de Melissa Officinalis
extract in the treatment of patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease: a double blind, randomised, placebo controlled trial.
The remedy also contains melissa officinalis
(lemon balm) extract, that relieves the tension of the esophageal muscles and makes breathing easier.
It is important to determine if natural bioactive compounds (extracts of Melissa officinalis
and rosmarinic acid), the neuroprotective effect of which is proven, could be potential candidates for additional therapy in brain cancer cases.
Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis
L.) from Lamiaceae family is one of the most important medicinal and aromatic plants, with antioxidant, antimicrobial, spasmolytic, astringent and specific sensorial properties.
* Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis
): This herb contains an ingredient that slows the natural breakdown of GABA in the body and promotes a deeper, better sleep.
The most important medicinal and spice crops cultivated in Germany are essential oil producing plants like chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.), lemon balm (Melissa officinalis
L.), peppermint (Mentha x piperita L.), common oregano (Origanum vulgare L.), and garden parsley (Petroselinum crispum L.) characterized by different active compounds and therapeutic uses (Table 1).