He rightly points out that the OT and the gospel reflect the single work of God in Christ, thus refuting Valentinian soteriology by the complete revelation of Christ in the cross and the salvation of the flesh, and refuting Marcionite
limits of the canon to the gospel by Irenaeus's emphasis that the gospel can only be understood in the light of the OT (139).
Like Gnostic thinkers, such as the Marcionites
of the second century, she denounced the god of the Jews as a lesser and evil god, and sought to be reunited in spirit with the true but absent God, the God who is goodness itself, the Platonic ideal or essence of goodness.
(10) Dictionnaire historique et critique, especially the articles "Manicheens," "Marcionites
," "Pauliciens," "Zoroastre," and the Appendix "Eclaircissemens sur certaines choses repandues dans ce Dictionnaire" II; compare Leibniz, Theodicee 2, [sections] 136.
He also argues against Marcionites
(1.253), Gnostics (2-155, 171), and particularly Heracleon (2.100-104, 137-39).
Eusebius records an edict addressed to "Novatians, Valentinians, Marcionites
, Paulians, ye who are called Cataphrygians and all ye who devise and support heresies by means of your private assemblies", in which Constantine denounced their teachings as a "tissue of falsehood and vanity,' a "disease", filled with "destructive and venomous errors" that smite healthy souls with fatal contagion.
The early Christian movement in Mesopotamia and Persia found itself in the midst of a number of movements and groups such as Marcionites
, Valentinians, Manicheans and various other groups that were very congenial to asceticism.
Who knows what the ensuing history would have been if the Marcionites
had won the day in the controversy of the Second Century and Christianity had been able to cast out its demon, its Jewish "elder brother", from any claim to recognition from the God of Rabbi Jesus.
Although Tatian was probably the first Christian theologian to explicitly declare in Greek philosophical terms that God created matter (probably in confrontation with Marcionites
in Rome), Theophilus was the first to state more fulsomely what creatio ex nihilo meant in light of the Greek philosophical axiom Latinized as "Ex nihilo nihil fit." (68) As May explains, in Theophilus we see
Urged by Ignatius to combat heresies, Polycarp took on the Marcionites
and Valentinians; his refutations may be echoed in Basil's Letter (no.261) to the Sozopolitans.
(18) St Basil does not look globally to those outside the Orthodox Church, but brings certain nuances and puts them in different categories: a) heretics: those who differ in their faith in God such as Manichaiens, Gnostics, Marcionites
. These have to be rebaptized, as the very God that they have confessed is different from the God confessed by the church; b) schismatics: those who have separated themselves from the church for internal reasons which could be solved by dialogue; c) parasinagogs or dissidents who came into being by opposition to church authority.
Some are called Marcionites
, some Valentinians, some Basilideans and some Saturnalians and some others by other names" (Dialogue 35).
In the face of dissent and chaos, initiated by Gnostics or Marcionites
, Tertullian was first and foremost a tireless interpreter of Scripture as he defended the Rule of Faith as normative for Christian belief.
Vajda, "Le Temoignage d'al-Maturidi sur la doctrine des Manicheens, des Daysanites, et des Marcionites
," Arabica 13 (1966): 38; S.
Thus he denies that "a god is to be accounted such by virtue of goodness alone, to the exclusion of those other adjuncts, those feelings and affections [sensibus et affectibus], which the Marcionites
deny to their god ...
In order to explain such features in Luke Houlden is led to postulate the existence of `pre-Marcionite Marcionites
' against whom the significance of the Temple in Luke-Acts is directed.(3) I reject as pure hypothesis such an undocumented movement within the Church.