Key names to be remembered for their contributions to the botanical sciences are Marcello Malpighi
, Nehemiah Grew, Robert Hooke, Rudolph Camerarius, Linneaus, Stephen Hales, Joseph Priestly, Charles Darwin, and Gregor Mendel.
This volume, a specialized collection of essays on the impact of Marcello Malpighi
, the seventeenth-century anatomist and physician, grew out of a conference held at Cambridge in 1994.
The microscope was now an important tool, however, and a pioneer in this field was the Italian physiologist Marcello Malpighi
Ovists, including Marcello Malpighi
and Jan Swammerdam, argued that a miniature human was housed within each female egg (then recently described by William Harvey); spermists such as Antoni van Leeuwenhoek and Nicolas Hartsoeker argued that each sperm contained little people, or homunculi.