Warriors: The History of the Royal Hungarian Armed Forces, 1919-1945; Volume I
This broad survey of Hungarian history from the emergence of the Magyar
tribes in antiquity to the year 2000 was first published in Britain in 2006 on the fiftieth anniversary of the 1956 Hungarian uprising.
the war, Slovak political representatives saw Magyars as the primary
Magyars were held responsible for the pre-Munich crisis, the Munich
Czechoslovakia's 700,000 Magyars lived in southeastern Slovakia in
THE MAGYAR horsemen of Hungary had been riding into Central Europe on plundering expeditions for fifty years and more.
The victory not only put paid to the Magyar menace for good, but powerfully strengthened Otto's hand.
Hungarian writer and historian, who interpreted Magyar
(Hungarian) culture to the Germans and who wrote a sympathetic account of the Habsburg monarchy (one of the principal sovereign dynasties of Europe from the 15th to the 20th century).
Al-Jayhani was a geographer at the court of the Samanids in the 10th century and whose work includes a chapter on the Magyars
, a nomadic pagan tribe that lived on the Eurasian steppe and were the ancestors of Christian Hungarians.
In less than a century, from the early to the late 1800s, the ethnic allegiance of Buda and Pest dwellers underwent a process of radical rearrangement that favoured the Magyar side.
The Magyar nationalism of the 1830s and 1840s reached a climax in 184849, when as a result of the revolution's outbreak in Pest, which led to open warfare between Hungarians and Austrians, Budapest briefly turned into the capital city of an independent Hungary.
Nemes does a good job throughout the book in documenting the ways in which nineteenth-century Magyar nationalism turned into a powerful discourse which suffused everyday life practices and behavioural patterns, a situation that ultimately led not only to the Magyarization of street signs but that of the names and ethnic allegiance of a large percentage of Budapest's population.
Slovak nationalism awoke only slowly and it was the adoption of their cause, and identity, by the famous Czech leaders, Masaryk and Benes, in the First World War that freed them from Magyar rule.
The power that dominated the Slovaks, down to the smallest detail, was Magyar. The strong German minority in the Czech lands, the Sudetens, were eliminated by 'ethnic cleansing' in 1945, sent to Germany.
Principal wars: civil wars in Italy (889-924); Magyar