(24) Georg Frideric Handel, Judas Maccabeus
, The King's Consort, Hyperion CDA66641/2, 1992.
One is a portrait of Judas Maccabeus
, ranked as one of the greatest warriors in Jewish history, while the other depicts Godefridus Bulonius, otherwise known as Godfrey of Bouillon, a medieval Frankish knight who was one of the leaders of the First Crusade and the first ruler of Jerusalem after the siege of 1099.
As for the latter: instead of the obligatory opera or oratorio recital, in co-operation with the conductor Roman Valek he chose a block solution--a selection of instrumental, solo (including recitatives) and choral pads from the oratorios Alexander's Feast, Messiah, Adis and Galatea and Judas Maccabeus
. This is a solution not quite common, daunting, and so risky a step as to warrant praise.
Later he gave performances of Samson, Judas Maccabeus
, and Solomon, also works by Handel.
Both she and Jan have busy performing and teaching schedules - Ksynia will be singing in the Proms at London's Royal Albert Hall this summer, in the chorus for Judas Maccabeus
with the Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment.
Handel's Judas Maccabeus
(1746), based on a compression of Mace.
In expecting a messiah or savior, Jews commonly believed he would come as a fighting prince, another David or Judas Maccabeus
, with sword in hand, to drive the Romans into the sea.
The cast of villains was headed by Abraham Levi Goodman, a thoroughly corrupt London gambling-club owner whose idea was to substitute Maccabeus
, a colt foaled in 1840, for the year-younger Running Rein, enter him for the 1844 Derby and bring off a huge betting coup.
The locus classicus in the Bible for supporting the existence of purgatory and for the earthly service to the dead comes from 2 Maccabees, a book that Protestants did not consider canonical, in which Judas Maccabeus
says that "it is a holy and wholesome thought to pray for the dead so that they might be freed from their sins" (12:46).
The Nine Worthies were composed of three classical figures: Hector, Alexander the Great, and Julius Caesar; three biblical figures: David, Joshua, and Judas Maccabeus
; and three Christian figures: Arthur, Charlemagne, and Godfrey of Bouillon.
The Old Testament says this of Judas Maccabeus
: "For f he were not expecting that those who had fallen would rise again, it would have been superfluous and foolish to pray for the dead.
His oratorio and concert repertoire include Handel's Messiah and Judas Maccabeus
, Mozart's Requiem and Mass in C Major, Haydn's The Seasons and The Creation, Bach's Mass in B Minor, and the Evangelist in the Saint Matthew Passion.
A contribution to the Greenwood Guides to Historic Events of the Ancient World, Cynthia White's overview of the emergence of Christianity follows the general format of that series: a chronological timeline, including a list with the dates of Roman emperors from Augustus through the House of Theodosius and of the rulers of Judea from Judas Maccabeus
through Agrippa II, biographies of key literary and historical figures, a selection of primary documents illustrating the religious situation of early Christianity, and a glossary, annotated bibliography, and index.
As Holofernes entered personating Judas Maccabeus
, he gestured for a spear.
It is said that Handel wrote tenor roles for Beard in almost all his oratorios: Israel in Egypt, Athalia, Messiah, Samson, Esther, Saul, Judas Maccabeus
, Jeptha, Acis and Galataea, L'Allegro and Il Penseroso, Alexander Balus, Semele, Hercules, Balshazzar, Joshua and, possibly, Theodora.