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an ancient region on the coast of western Asia Minor

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Cyrus needed a first governor that he thought could and would deal fairly with the newly subjugated Lydians, who knew the area to some extent, and who would be utterly loyal to Cyrus.
They fill that gap as well as the few, late, and often biased sources permit, in order to complement current Lydian research.
It was later called "on the Meander" to distinguish it from the nearby Lydian city Magnesia ad Sipylum.
(46) The Torrhebians were not Lydians, based upon the mythogenealogical distinction provided by Xanthus the eponymous Torrhebian hero was Torrhebus, as Lydus was for Lydians.
The Lydian civilization in Daskyleion took place between 7th century and mid 6th century.
The first gold coin issued in the 6th century by wealthy King Croesus of Lydians in Asia Minor was oblong-shaped.
The quest for even greater convenience continued, and between 640 and 630 BCE the Lydians, a people native to Asia Minor, literally coined the first modern form of money by fashioning embossed metal disks from electrum, an alloy of gold and silver.
Mr Holland traces the origins of the Persian empire, taking the reader along as an obscure mountain tribe conquers the biggest powers in the ancient Near East--Medes, Babylonians, Lydians, Egyptians--and comes to control the largest empire in human experience to that point, straddling a vast territory stretching from the Eastern Mediterranean to the Hindu Kush.
The first method of stultifying subjects, he writes, "cannot be more clearly observed than in what Cyrus did with the Lydians after he had taken Sardis, their chief city ...
The new method made trading easier and, because of increased business, the Lydians became rich.
Cowrie shells were used as money in China in 1200 BC, and about 600 years later Lydians were credited to be the first to coin money and open retail outlets.
According to the Greek historian Herodotus, the total solar eclipse that interrupted a battle between the Lydians and the Medes--near Pteria, the western regional capital of the Medes --on May 28, 585 B.C., did not catch the notice of the contending forces until they "saw the day turned into night."
By the time Christ was born, the country had been ruled by Hittites, Urartians, Greeks, Carians, Lycians, Phrygians, Lydians, Persians, Greeks again, and finally Romans, founders of the Byzantine Empire.
In 585BC, Greek tribes the Lydians and the Medes made peace after an eclipse took place during a battle.