Henry's relations with Louis VII
were generally much better than had been the case between their fathers.
At the time of his birth at Beaumont Castle in Oxford on Christmas Eve in 1166, his parents, King Henry II of England and Queen Eleanor, Duchess of Aquitaine already had three surviving sons and three daughters in addition to Eleanor's two daughters from her first marriage, to King Louis VII
BORN GREAT Garbo, US film actress, 1905, above JAMES Gandolfini, US TV actor, 1961 LANCE Armstrong, US cyclist, 1971 DIED RUSS Meyer, US film director, 2004 DOMITIAN, Roman Emperor, AD96 LOUIS VII
, King of France, 1180
Although the Fleur-de-Lis was from time immemorial used in ornamentation of crowns and scepters, it seems to have been first formally adopted as the Arms of Royalty in France by Louis VII
, called Lejeune, in 1147.
This material is in Hebrew, but it clearly describes, assesses, and interprets conversations which took place in the vernacular between the Jews of Blois, between Jews of different communities, between Jews and Christian lords, including King Louis VII
, and between Christians themselves.
Turner succeeds in placing Eleanor at the center of a century's worth of political and administrative activity dominated by the towering figures of Henry II, Richard I, and John and their perpetual confrontation with the Capetian kings Louis VII
(Eleanor's first husband) and Philip II, he interprets her activity, especially before 1176 (when she was imprisoned by Henry II for inciting the rebellion of their sons), as unproductive, impulsive, and even nefarious, even though most of these interpretations are speculations based on very thin evidence.
James, a list that also included Louis's son, Louis VII
. The pilgrimage route to Santiago is a consistent reminder of the power of the saints in the life of Christendom.
First came her nonfiction look at Anne Boleyn, The Lady in the Tower (*** Mar/Apr 2010), and now she goes back a few hundred years further--to fictionalize the story of Eleanor of Aquitaine, former consort to King Louis VII
of France, and her marriage to England's King Henry II.
In one episode he tells how Pope Eugenius III reconciled King Louis VII
of France and his wife Eleanor of Aquitaine by getting them to sleep together in a bed that he had decorated with his own tapestries and hangings.
Convinced her marriage to Louis VII
the king of France was over she divorced him though she was not allowed to have custody of their two daughters.
According to Prof Gillingham, the catalyst for improving Dover Castle came in 1179, when King Louis VII
of France arrived on a state visit.
Stow bolsters his case with a radical rereading of a set of Hebrew texts, long believed to reflect events occurring during the reign of Philip's father, Louis VII
. Instead of reflecting historically on the events surrounding the Blois episode of 1171, in which Louis VII
's brother-in-law Count Theobald ordered some thirty Jews burned alive on false charges of ritual murder (no victim was ever found), Stow reads the letters as an ironic inversion of the events during Philip's reign.
Some believe the name is a translation of 'flower of the lily' and others suggest it is a derivative of 'Flower of Louis' in honour of Louis VII
. The fleur-de-lis became common as an artistic symbol and is now depicted in the Quebec coat of arms.