For logical positivists
, linguistic analysis is necessary before going into the details of any problem.
Treating a novel so overtly composed of philosophical discussion without delving into the archive, LeMahieu leaves himself little room to do more than translate that discussion into logical positivist
The logical positivist
and atomist accounts of science clearly ruled theology "unscientific.
Indeed, an early name for the Vienna Circle, before they adopted the name of Logical Positivists
, was the Ernst Mach Society.
The logical positivists
, of whom Russell was a true believer, strictly asserted that nothing was true if it could not be scientifically proven.
held a hard naturalistic position, accepting a hierarchy of sciences with physics at its base, and chemistry, biology, psychology and the social sciences on successively higher levels (e.
As a student at Chicago and later as a faculty member in political science at the Illinois Institute of Technology, Simon came into contact with and was influenced by the logical positivists
in philosophy and the renowned "Chicago School" of economists.
Leaving out Neo-Kantianism, she continues with the problem of verification discussed by the Vienna Circle and other associated logical positivists
, in particular Carnap, who wrote his Logical Syntax of Language in 1937 in order to eliminate metaphysical questions by showing that those questions are linguistically (and therefore logically) not well-formed.
A prominent advocate of such an epistemology was Bertrand Russell, who (1950) said, "I am, as regards to method, more in sympathy with the logical positivists
than with any other existing school" (p.
While the Logical Positivists
criticized scholars who "muddled historical origins with logical justification," postpositivist philosophers of science allowed their knowledge of how science has developed to play a decisive role in their understanding of how it ought to develop.
Although there were many ideas that logical positivists
promoted, the core tenet of logical positivism was the verifiability theory of meaning.
In his book, Kurzweil catalogs the struggle we have had defining intelligence from the ancients to the Logical Positivists
of our century-- from Descartes' I am aware, I'm thinking, so I must be here, to the curious possibility that we're just not smart enough to fully understand our own intelligence.
So contrary to what the logical positivists
, the Popperians, and Mr.
Now, although traditionally philosophers regarded logical knowledge as a priori, more recently the a priori-a posteriori distinction has become a hotly debated issue (with Tarski, Quine, and others standing on one side of the controversy, and traditionally inclined philosophers as well as logical positivists
on the other).
were empiricists, so they believed that the only legitimate knowledge was knowledge derived from sense experience, which is the same for everyone and to which everyone has access.