Their lives were not all equally exciting, but some were fascinating: There was Yakov Zeldovich, the main theoretical physicist of the Soviet atomic bomb project; Yurii Khariton, the man in charge for forty-six years of the nuclear weapons laboratory at Arzamas-16; the "autocratic" Petr Kapitsa, who founded an institute and wrote letters to Stalin denouncing his colleagues; and Lev Landau
, the weapons developer admired by Edward Teller.
Future Nobel laureate Lev Landau
, a Soviet physicist, came along in 1941, predicting that superfluid helium-4 should contain an exotic, particle-like excitation called a roton, but scientists--including Landau, Nobel laureate Richard Feynman, and Wolf Prize recipient Philippe Nozieres--have debated what structure the roton would take ever since.
One of the last generation of Russian physicists directly mentored by Russian theorist Lev Landau
, the author collects here many of his early papers, originally published in Russian journals, and not widely available in the current literature.
In the late 1930s, Soviet physicist Lev Landau
, just released from prison for holding anti-Stalinist views, found a way to simplify the problem.
Among them are Leonid Mandelstam (1879-1944), Andrei Sacharov (1921-89), Niels Bohr (1885-1962), Werner Heisenberg (1901-76), and Lev Landau