Just as Democrats butt heads with Republicans over who to tax and who should pay down the nation's debt today, the Federalists and the Jeffersonian Republicans
were fighting the same issues in 1790.
After independence, its leaders included powerful Jeffersonian Republicans
like the Clinton family and the Livingston family, who had working relationships with Southern slave interests.
Hamiltonians wanted to encourage credit to spur economic expansion, while the Jeffersonian Republicans
wanted to protect farmers from foreclosure by bankers.
Walling argues that whether defending the rights of Tories at the end of the Revolution, the rights of speculators to benefit from the funding of the war debt, the short-term interests of Americans in maintaining close commercial ties with Britain, the need to build a powerful military establishment capable of combating France's imperial designs on America, or encouraging a rancorous partisanship directed not only against the Jeffersonian Republicans
but also against his own party's president, Hamilton acted with a concern for the security of the American republic and its commitment to the principles of a government based on consent rather than force.
Primarily aimed at "wild Irishmen" and the thirty thousand Frenchmen who resided in the United States, the act was intended to reduce the ranks of the Jeffersonian Republicans
, who had a large constituency of recent immigrants.
This essay begins needed empirical inquiry into Ackerman's theory of constitutional development by assessing it in the context of a particular constitutionally significant historical moment: the rise of the Jeffersonian Republicans
Anderson neglects to mention that from 1800 through 1860, the federal government was for the most part controlled by state Federalists in the guise of Jeffersonian Republicans
, Jacksonian Democrats, and Democrats who willingly compromised on slavery and states' rights.
Cunningham, Jr., The Jeffersonian Republicans
: The Formation of Party Organization, 1789-1801 (Chapel Hill, 1957), p.
Early in the nineteenth century Jeffersonian republicans
thought free markets and emancipated labor insolubly wed.
Cunningham, The Jeffersonian Republicans
: The Formation of Party Organization (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1957), 15-29; and Forrest McDonald, The Presidency of Thomas Jefferson (Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 1976), 34-35.
Most scholars have assumed that Adams wrote in a spirit of revenge against the Jeffersonian Republicans
, who had deposed his forebear John Adams.
This kind of information should encourage readers to consider whether the victory of the Jeffersonian Republicans
really represented so culminating a step toward a more democratic political order when that triumph rested so heavily on the backs of enslaved African Americans totally lacking in political rights.
By 1804, when Pickering denounced his Negro presidents and Negro Congresses in a letter advocating the secession of New England and New York, Jeffersonian Republicans
had nearly captured even Massachusetts, and many of his correspondents knew full well that Jeffersonian ideas and not the three-fifths rule were grinding Federalists into extinction.