janissary

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a loyal supporter

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a Turkish soldier

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In it they do not look like freedom-loving fighters against "the Ottoman feudal regime" etc.; rather they are more like assistants to the Ottoman masters who plan, as some Turkish historians maintain, "through recruiting Christian youths for the Janissary Corps gradually to Islamise the non-Muslim population of the Balkans and through this new army to strengthen the Ottoman state".
On the following pages I will discuss the Ottoman source material, related both to the Janissary Corps and to the spread of Islam in the Ottoman Balkans.
The reasoning behind such an approach can only be studied if the historical development of the Janissary Corps is considered.
It turned out, however, that many would-be-Muslims motivated their conversion petitions with aspiration for a place in the Janissary Corps. This important petitions with aspiration for a place in the Janissary Corps.
Soon after conquering Bosnia, however, Mehmed II gave way to the insistence of the local converts to Islam, that their children should be admitted to the Janissary corps. This called forth the famous "Bosnian exception", when sunnetluler, i.e.
Our request of the Sultan is that we two wish to be enlisted in the Janissary Corps and in accordance with the law, be issued with Janissary uniforms.
(34) There are a few important issues related to these personal petitions for permission to adopt Islam, as a step toward enlisting in the Janissary Corps. Undoubtedly the recruitment of youths as Janissaries had, for some centuries, led to the conversion of many Balkan Christians to Islam.
They could be soldiers, sent from the Capital to provincial garrison service; or they could be local Christians who have adopted Islam of their own free will for the purpose of obtaining the regular salary and privileges provided by service in the Janissary Corps.
Pressure from these elites, in conjunction with internal weaknesses in the Empire such as the fractiousness of the janissary corps and local governors, lack of economic competitiveness, Ottoman defeats by Russia, admonitions from the Great Powers, and enlightened thinking on the part of Ottoman bureaucrats led to a series of reforms and the gradual establishment of independent states for non-Turkish peoples.
The most tragic example of this was that Sultan Mahmud II took the state banner and urged the public to revolt against the Janissary corps. This is perhaps the only example in history in which a monarch tried to provoke the public to revolt against his own bureaucracy.
Roads and ports were strictly controlled so that news of the "Auspicious Incident," as it was called, and of the new edict formally abolishing the janissary corps, could not get out before provincial governors had received their instructions on how to proceed.
The still-unsettled place of military power in the modern Turkish republic also has deep roots in Ottoman practice, the destruction of the janissary corps being a key part of that story.
One of the most famous of the Ottomans' weapons was the Janissary corps, recruited from enslaved Christians, trained at great length, and favored with the best equipment and position in the Ottoman military.
(2) The abolition of tax exemptions for the ulema and their foundations' revenues; (3) The dissolution of the troublesome janissary corps, considered to be a state within the state.
The abolition of the Janissary corps and the efforts to establish a regular and modern army organization formed the main drive behind the Ottoman modernization project.