and trans., with Reg Henry and Harry Webster, Concerning the League: The Iroquois League
Tradition as Dictated in Onondaga, ed.
For over three centuries, five and later six Native American nations cooperated in an international organization known as the Iroquois League. Prior to the formation of the League, violent conflict was both common and costly among the original five nations.
Scholars of international relations and security know little about the Iroquois League. The original five nations, whose members spoke distinct but closely related languages, were the Cayuga, Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, and Seneca.
There are few examples of functioning security regimes in Robert Jervis's sense of principles, rules, and norms that permit nations to be more restrained in their behavior in the belief that others will reciprocate.(2) Adding the Iroquois League to our analysis expands the universe of cases of security regimes.
Second, the Iroquois League exemplifies Immanuel Kant's idea of a system for perpetual peace.
The Iroquois league
always remained friendly to the English and hostile to the French, mainly because the latter often aided Indian tribes who were enemies of the Iroquois.
Anderson dwells on the Six Nations Iroquois League
, and, to a lesser degree, their semisubordinates, the Delawares.
An Indian treaty signed with the Iroquois League
at Lancaster, Pa., ceded to England the territory of the Ohio R.
Saratoga, N.Y., was attacked and burned by French and Indian forces after the English had succeeded in persuading the Iroquois league
to enter the war against the French.
In the League cycle, Deganawida, who is the Peacemaker; Jigonsaseh, who is the head Clan Mother; and Hiawatha, who is the inventor of wampum writing, establish the great Iroquois League
. To found the League, the triumvirate must first bring an end to a violent, all-consuming war between the Cultivators, or women-led agriculturalists, and the fearsome Cannibal Cult, led by Atotarho.
1992 Concerning the League, the Iroquois League
tradition as dictated in Onondaga by John Arthur Gibson.
Jennings next reviews early warfare in the Northeast and alliances between the Iroquois League
and the English.
observers, and later anthropologists and historians, were unable to distinguish between the Iroquois League
and the Iroquois Confederacy.(10) When Johnson moved the focus of British Indian policy westward, he maintained the Six Nations pre-eminent position in British Indian policy by playing on colonial misconceptions about the Iroquois political structure.(11) This invention allowed him to maintain that the Iroquois controlled the Ohio Country.(12) He could also continue giving the Mohawks a pre-eminent place in Anglo-Indian relations.
Richter's discussions of gender, clan, and community patterns of obligation and authority, based on analyses of the Iroquois origin story and the Deganawidah myth about the formation of the Iroquois League
, is especially interesting for showing how ethnohistorians could make better use of Indian oral traditions.