In accord with previous studies, we found that country food remains an integral dimension of the contemporary Inuit diet
(Duhaime et al.
Last, we excluded a number of species because of rarity or absence in the Inuit diet
(various canids: Arctic wolf Canis lupus and foxes Vulpes lagopus, bowhead whale Balaena mysticetus, hooded seal Cystophora cristata, gulls, owls, and raptors) or because weight data were unavailable (mollusks, Arctic cod Boreogadus saida, sculpins).
These include intake of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) and selenium, important nutrients provided by the traditional Inuit diet
One reason is that the Inuit diet
consists primarily of fatty animals high in the food chain, which accumulate especially high concentrations of dioxin.
Among these some died and many suffered, but their fate had more to do with their inability to adopt Inuit diet
and adjust to local conditions than with the inherent hostility of the Arctic environment.
They accumulate in the food chain, and it is now well accepted that the high trophic level of the traditional Inuit diet
is mainly responsible for the high exposure of Inuit populations to biomagnified substances such as POPs (Bjerregaard et al.
A study of the causes of death among 8,000 Canadian Inuits (also known as Eskimos), published in the July Arctic Medical Research, shows that the incidence of heart disease in this indigenous population is one-fourth that among Canadians as a whole - despite the much higher fat content of the Inuit diet