hypotension

(redirected from Intracranial hypotension)
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Abbreviations: APP: amyloid precursor protein; CNS: central nervous system; CP: choroid plexus; CSF: cerebrospinal fluid; FAB: frontal assessment battery; Ig: immunoglobulin; iNPH: idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus; L-PGDS: lipocalin-type prostaglandin D synthase; MMSE: mini-mental state examination; RI: radioisotope; sAPP: soluble amyloid precursor protein; SDSPAGE: sodium dodecyl sulfate--polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis; SIH: spontaneous intracranial hypotension; Tf: transferrin; TTR: transthyretin.
Recent lumbar puncture (LP) and suspected spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) are the most frequent indications for EBP at our institution.
Spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) is a rare condition with an estimated prevalence of only one in 50.000 individuals (1).
Management of patients with spontaneous intracranial hypotension causing altered level of consciousness: report of two cases and review of literature.
We limited our review to patients with clinically diagnosed SIH by neurologists with expertise in SIH, excluding patients with any history of antecedent trauma or spine interventions deemed by the referring clinician to be related to the onset of intracranial hypotension. If a patient had more than one CTM performed during the date range, only the most recent study was included.
A list was obtained from our clinical colleagues and a search of the radiology report database was performed for "intracranial hypotension." This produced a group of patients with both clinical and MRI findings of IH.
We present a 34-year-old female with a radiographically confirmed anterior dural tear at T10-T12 on MRI causing refractory spontaneous intracranial hypotension headaches.
We conclude that intracranial hypotension was the most likely cause of subdural hemorrhage in our patient.
The adverse reactions associated with intrathecal injections of nonionic contrast agents are headache, nausea, vomiting, or dizziness, which may largely be attributed to pressure loss in the subarachnoid space resulting from intracranial hypotension from leakage at the puncture site.
[4] suggested that traction on the vagus nerve secondary to intracranial hypotension was the cause for development of cranial nerve palsy.
They cover anatomy, then imaging of vascular diseases, brain tumors, head trauma, infections, multiple sclerosis and related diseases, metabolic disorders, degenerative diseases, malformations and developmental abnormalities, hydrocephalus and intracranial hypotension, degenerative spinal and foraminal stenoses, trauma, tumors and tumor-like masses, inflammations, infections, and diseases of the peripheral nervous system, with images and information on imaging findings, epidemiology, clinical manifestations, differential diagnosis, pathology, and treatment.
Table 1: Diagnosis of idiopathic intracranial hypotension from Dandy's criteria modified by Dandy et al.
However almost all of the theories are associated with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage which leads to intracranial hypotension [19].
Benign intracranial hypotension otherwise called as Idiopathic Intracranial Hypotension (IIH) is one of the poorly understood entity.
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