The novel is rather interesting in that it covers so many themes in Indian indentureship
not often seen in literary works.
From the seventeenth century to the 1950s, they managed the country's affairs and were responsible for the introduction of the plantation system, white indentureship
, enslavement, and free labor after 1838.
A useful comparison, from a South African perspective, might be drawn from the Caribbean region, where plantation slavery and later schemes of indentureship
left in their wake diverse groups of people who were cut off from their communities of origin (Dash 2004: 785-796).
Inconvenienced by emancipation, "King Sugar" had turned to the deceptions of indentureship
, which was little more than a higher form of slavery, to maintain its supply of cheap labour.
Meagher describes indentureship
on the Chincha Islands as 'the most abject slavery' in which men suffered under a severe climate and received floggings for not fulfilling daily guano quotas (p.
Initially it embraced the politico-economic realities of conquest, slavery and indentureship
, and involved indigenous inhabitants of the Caribbean region, Africans, East Indians, Chinese, and all manner of Europeans.