In many cases, species such as European Beachgrass (Ammophila arenaria) and Iceplant
(Carpobrotus edulis) were intentionally introduced to stabilize dunes and protect human infrastructure, such as homes and roads, from shifting sands (Underwood and others 2007).
In 2014, an additional 50 acres (20 hectares) of coastal dunes at Surf Beach were successfully restored through the removal of iceplant
and significant dune re-contouring.
Coast buckwheat faces serious competition from vegetation that is not native to the coastal dunes ecosystem, including certain acacia, grass, and iceplant
as the iris of the rainbow in the iceplant
Three of the chaparral's worst enemies in Big Sur are scotch broom, pampas grass, and iceplant
There were stories about pampas grass, tamarisk, Cape ivy, arundo grass, pepperweed, iceplant
, and cheat-grass, all involving relationships in the process of disruption.
Biological studies of iceplant
scales, Pulvinariella mesembryanthemi and Pulvinaria delotti (Homoptera: Coccidae) in California (USA).
One introduced iceplant
species on the West Coast draws salt from the soil; after it dies it leaves the topsoil poisoned for years.
Larger areas are covered mostly by sageleaf rockrose (Cistus salviifolius), 'Spiendens White' gazania, trailing iceplant
(Drosanthemum hispidum), trailing geranium (G.