Unlike II Kings
3, the Mesha inscription lacks any recourse to miracles, although it reflects the common ancient Near Eastern conception, that Israel's domination of Moab during the reigns of Omri and Ahab were due not to the greatness of Israel's god, but due to the anger of (the Moabite god) Kemosh at his land--this kind of explanation applied to Israel and Israel's YHWH in defeat is common in the Hebrew Bible (cf.
But the people ignored all the danger signs until fierce enemies from the northeast, Assyria and Babylon, invaded the land and carried off the Jews (I Kings 1-3, 6, 10, 12, 17-22 and II Kings
2, 4-6:23, 17-19, 25).
Three "miracles" in diverse sections of the Bible--Torah, a book of history, and a prophetic book--that exemplify this element are the splitting of the Red Sea, the destruction of Sennacherib's army in II Kings
19, and the storm in the Book of Jonah.
Around 200 years after Samuel's time, as recorded in II Kings
, chapter 11, there was a temporary revival of his vision.
Our knowledge of the history is primarily from the book of Isaiah, especially chapters 36-39, II Kings
16-21 and the parallel II Chronicles 28-33.
The most important find was a clay prism inscribed with the Annals of Sargon (now in the Louvre) which records his triumphant boast, "I besieged and captured Samaria, and carried off 27,290 of its inhabitants," thus validating the biblical account in II Kings
25:17); II Chronicles 3:17; and Jeremiah 52:20-23.
9) Kimhi (to II Kings
8:26) explains that when Ahaziah is referred to as the son-in-law of the house of Ahab, it does not mean that Ahaziah married a daughter of Ahab; it actually means that his father Jehoram was the son-in-law of Ahab (because he married Athaliah, who was Ahab's daughter).
In the Septuagint, these two works were called I and II Kingdoms, those we know as I and II Kings
being called III and IV Kingdoms.
In II Kings
, chapter 1 provides further details of Ahaziah's death and chapter 2 describes Elijah's ascent to heaven.
In II Kings
10:28, Solomon imports horses and chariots from "Egypt [Mitzrayim]" and from "Kue.
See Judges 20:46; II Kings
25:11; Jeremiah 39:9; 52:15.
13) Radak, on II Kings
2:14, notes that Elisha performs sixteen miracles in comparison to the eight performed by Elijah (cf.
THE TRIENNIAL BIBLE READING CALENDAR DEDICATED TO THE MEMORY OF CHAIM ABRAMOWITZ April I Kings 5-22 II Kings
1-11 May II Kings
12-25 Isaiah 1-14 June Isaiah 15-42 July Isaiah 43-66 Jeremiah 1-4 August Jeremiah 5-32
Since Jehoash (or Joash) was for many years under the influence of Jehoiada, II Kings
12:3 and II Chronicles 24:1-2 have words of praise which describe Jehoash as a king who did what was pleasing to the Lord.