Regeneration of the digestive system in holothurians
," FAO Fisheries Technical Paper 272.2, Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome, Italy, 1990.
Two new rhabdocoel turbellarians parasitic in Tasmanian holothurians
. Papers Proc.
Bioluminescence in the benthopelagic holothurian
Recruitment in the Holothurian
Cucumaria frondosa in the Gulf of Maine.
The surface of the substrate is gobbled by holothurians
on a huge scale (it is estimated that every portion of sediment is consumed by a holothurian
between 1-5 times a year).
(1976) and Feral and Doumenc (1982) indicated that the body wall has the greatest potential for nutrient storage in holothurians
and Ong Che (1990) indicated that the reserves may be used during starvation.
He also discusses the role of holothurians
in converting corals to "mud," which illustrates that "the coral-eating niche has a geological significance" (Elton 1927: 68).
Tropical fisheries are traditionally based on several holothurians
A value double as high for this species in Mexico (M= 0.354/year) was proposed by Reyes-Bonilla & Herrero-Perezrul (2003), who, however used empirical formulas for its derivation, which were not established for holothurians
Sea cucumbers, or holothurians
, are exclusively marine invertebrates classified in the phylum Echinodermata, class Holothuroidea.
Conservation of aspidochirotid holothurians
in the littoral waters of Kenya.
For example, the intestine of holothurians
can regenerate in five different ways, and within a single species the regeneration of the intestine varies according to the stage of the life cycle and the method of wounding (Dolmatov, 2009).
The function of SCB in the symbiosis is currently unknown, but it has been suggested that they also provide the host with energy, based on the observation of partially digested SCB inside phagosomes of host epidermal cells in several holothurians
(Roberts et al., 1991) and in larvae of the asteroid Luidia sp.
Echinoderms (other than Holothurians
) collected on the Presidential cruise of 1938.