To support this argument, this study examines how the smallpox epidemic of 1780-82 affected intertribal relations on the northeastern Plains, between western Sioux groups and the semisedentary villagers, the Mandans, Hidatsas, and Arikaras.
Part two then discusses how the "uneven" impact of that epidemic across northern Plains populations, particularly among the western Sioux bands, Mandans, Hidatsas, and Arikaras, broke this stalemate.
Throughout much of the eighteenth century, as Sioux groups migrated westward onto the Plains, they lived in the shadows of the powerful semisedentary tribes that inhabited the upper Missouri, the Mandans, Hidatsas, and Arikaras.
In 1845, the Like-a-Fishhook village of earth-covered lodges and log cabins was established by Mandan and Hidatsa survivors and, shortly afterwards, in 1862, their numbers were further swelled by the Arikara.
Here continue to live the descendants of the Mandan, Hidatsa and Arikara peoples.
Sacagawea is Hidatsa
, and translates as bird woman (Ronda, 1984, p.
More than 50 archaeological sites at the park have revealed a period of human settlement spanning thousands of years, most recently marked by five centuries of Hidatsa
earth lodge habitation.
When early European explorers and fur traders visited the Dakotas, they reported the sedentary, pallisaded villages of the Arikara in South Dakota, and several Mandan, Hidatsa, and Gros Ventre groups along the Missouri River in North Dakota.
The Mandan and Hidatsa villages along the Missouri River were nearby, only two days travel, even on foot.
Despite language in Native oral testimony suggesting geographical permanence and cultural immutability, groups like the Hidatsas and Mandans had been living on the Plains for perhaps less time than the Normans had occupied England.
The next three chapters focus primarily on the Mandans and Hidatsas, illustrating the evolution of these societies over the several hundred years they resided along the Missouri River, and showing how their religious traditions tied to their respective social identities.
An agricultural community, the Hidatsas not only hunted buffalo but also grew corn, beans, and squash, and picked wild June berries.
Clark Wissler, Curator of Anthropology, American Museum of Natural History, to begin cultural studies among the Hidatsas," and his work "continued through successive summers for ten years," his story of Waheenee is offered not to adults but to "young readers" (W4).
Bowers' use of first-person narratives is a strength in his work, and one for which contemporary scholars and Hidatsas can be thankful.
Among other things, contemporary Hidatsas relay that Enemy women sometimes allowed themselves to be captured by the enemy in order to learn their ways, and then escaped back to their own people.