Unlike other mangrove species Heritiera fames prefers extremely low saline condition (5-15 psu) .
fomes is the only Heritiera species which produces pneumatophores.
Another mangrove species named Heritiera littoralis possesses some similar morphological characteristics to H.
Pharmacological Activities of Heritiera fomes and Comparison with Other Mangrove Species
A literature survey showed that all plant parts of Heritiera fomes are used in the treatment of different ailments; leaves and seeds are reported for the gastrointestinal disorders (diarrhea, dysentery, constipation, acidity, indigestion, and stomachache) [8, 9, 26].
Heritiera fomes possesses significant groups of phytochemical constituents that have been described in other plants to have a wide range of pharmacological activities.
The experimental study reported that bark extracts of Heritiera fomes are effective in mice at the dose of 250 and 500 mg/kg body wt.
Heritiera fomes leaf (at doses of 250 [micro]g/disc and 500 [micro]g/disc) exhibited potent antimicrobial activity with the zones of inhibition against tested gram-positive and gram-negative pathogens covering from 3.
Leaves extract of Heritiera fomes was accessed for both quantitative and qualitative antioxidant activity.
Bark extracts of Heritiera fomes showed potent antioxidant activity with 50% inhibitory concentration ([IC.
Oral administration of Heritiera fomes bark extracts (at doses of 100, 250, and 500 mg/kg) significantly reduced the number of inhibition of acetic acid-induced writhings in mice by 8.
Overall 5 isolates of Streptomyces were isolated from Heritiera
forres (ST 81), Derris heterophyla (ST 28), Sonneratia apitala(ST 55), Exoecocaria aggallocha (ST 67) and Caesalpinia crista (ST 69).