As Kabbalah and Hasidism
continue to attract the attention of both scholars and nonscholars alike in the study of Judaism and the study of religion more generally, and as questions regarding boundaries between scholars and their subject continue to occupy the attention of scholars and their readers, Weiss' work is arguably more relevant today than it was when he was alive.
Though Shalom is at the focus of this paper we should note that he is one amongst several poets including Avraham Shlonsky, Avraham Halfi, and Amir Gilboa to name a few, who were influenced by Hasidism
and its mystical tradition.
Orthodox thinkers, too, invoked Hasidism
as a spiritual cure for the modern Jew.
Nonetheless, Wood does succeed in highlighting the appropriative nature of Dresdner and London's encounters with Hasidism
. Both artists incorporate images and symbols of Hasidim in their promotional materials intended for consumption by secular Jews; as the title of Wood's fifth chapter suggests, for non-Hasidic Jews, music is seen as an effective, non-threatening means to encounter the fetishized Hasidic Jewish 'Other.' By contrast, engaging with ultra-Orthodox religious practice, insular exclusivity, and anachronistic political stances would be a much less comfortable exercise for secular Jewish audiences.
Founder of Hasidism
; a quest for the historical Ba'al Shem Tov.
Rosman, Founder of Hasidism
: A Quest for the Historical Ba'al Shem Tov.
These readings range from a sustained anchoring in philosophical references, that Alfonso de Toro launched from "Las versiones homericas" in order to address an appropriately described reflective, thinking expression of belief, to more pointed presentations of how Borges addressed Jewish spirituality at times of existential crises through the Kabbalah and Hasidism
(Arturo Echavarria), to Borges's fascination with the Orient as it appears through Arab literature in a couple of his stories, "El Zahir" and "El acercamiento a Al'motasim" (Luce Lopez-Baralt); to his reading of the Gospels as fiction (Lucrecia Romera).
Just as the rabbis had regrouped after the destruction of the Second Temple and adapted new forms of Jewish life during one of the people's darkest passages, so Zeitlin hoped to reinvigorate Hasidism
as darkness thickened around Eastern European Jewry.
Second, the internalizing of the messianic event is represented by Hasidism
after the failure of Sabbatai Zevi, who notably converted to Islam at the threat of death.
Thus for Hasidism
and other Kabbalistic teachings, there is a higher spirituality, meaning that you have the base, fundamental materialism, the substance which is called "goof", and then there is a higher level which is today called, "roohaneeoot" from "ruah"--spirit.
In a similar vein, Jesus was a prophetic critic within Judaism, not unique, which we have mentioned above and now illustrate both by Jeremiah and by the founder and first leader of Hasidism
in Eastern Europe, the Ba'al Shem Tov (1700-1760, "master of the good name").
(11) One of his disciples, Pinhas of Koretz claimed that "the essence of Hasidism
began with the Besht because he abrogated many of the customs instituted by Rabbi Judah Hasid in the Middle Ages and observed up until the eighteenth century." (12)
As is also penchant for women in Hasidism
in a time of grief, Esther, his mom, surrounded by the women of the Borough Park community, spoke not of her child's death, but of other issues important in the community, so as to the mask the pain of her son's death, in an effort to keep tears out of her reddened eyes.
Just as Western intellectuals and artists borrowed Eastern philosophies, images, and styles as a tactic for rejuvenating the West, Jewish Americans sometimes looked to Hasidism
as a symbolic locus for "authentic Jewishness." In fact, the Hasid's expressive mysticism actually meshed with the expressionism of modern dance, making Hasidism
(like African primitivism) an appealing source for modern creations.
is a branch of Ultra Orthodox Judaism whose members strive to preserve a certain way of life.