A time traveller from Egan's distant future may wonder why educators continually attempt to reform a system that they perceive as irrational and contradictory (much as the practice of haruspicy
is today considered), but the school is, ultimately, a reflection of time and place.
25) Another meaningful coincidence can be observed between the flourishing of Etruscan families in the Senate and the flourishing of haruspicy
These include oracular directives, augury, oneiromancy and haruspicy
Ellis argues that geese were not sacred to Juno; they were used for haruspicy
and later chickens were substituted for them.
Historically, especially when information has been scarce or both sides of an issue have had considerable merit, people have often trusted in chance--perhaps in combination with a bit of human interpretation or intuition--employing such means as augury (divination from omens), haruspicy
(inspection of the entrails of sacrificial animals), Delphic oracles, Chinese fortune bones, the throwing of dice, and the tossing of sticks.
In addition to practicing human sacrifice, the people worshipped deities such as the tree-god and practiced haruspicy
to look for signs of prosperity or disaster in the next year.