The main findings of this study showed that all measures, including the reduction in NRS, decrease in M-OSW, increase in ROM, and improvement of HRQOL
scores, were significantly improved statistically in the experimental group at the end of the intervention (p0.05.
The most frequent combination in this study was 11111, which was reported by 39.7% of the patients (n = 129) and is interpreted as the absence of problems in all 5 tested dimensions, with a resulting EQ-5D-3L index (EQ-Index) of 1, or best possible HRQoL
. Table II shows the number and proportion of patients for each level of the 5 explored dimensions.
Table 1 shows that there was a significant improvement in HRQOL
after wet cupping in most of the displayed items.
(16) Evaluating HRQOL
in chronic diseases such as CKD has become a mainstay of medical management and treatment of the patient.
At national level, the mean of the total score of HRQoL
was 81.795% (CI: 81.3 to 82.1), with a mean of 83.5 (95% CI: 83.0 to 84.1) for the boys and 79.8 (95% CI: 79.1 to 80.5) for the girls.
To evaluate the outcome (HRQoL
), simple linear regression was carried out; variables with p<0.20 were selected for the multiple regression analysis.
These findings have indicated that PDQ-8 as a disease-specific HRQoL
questionnaire is correlated with a generic HRQoL
The result will be useful to decide which HRQoL
questionnaires are the most adequate in Spanish patients affected by PD, depending on level of progression of the disease (stages I-II or III-IV of the Hoehn & Yahn scale [H&YS]).
The validated KIDSCREEN-10 instrument was used to evaluate the HRQoL
The current study was planned to investigate the relationship between social support and HRQoL
among pregnant women.
Numerous studies on HRQOL
in children with ESRD have been conducted in developed countries.
In patients with CKD, fatigue, lack of energy, and drowsiness are the most common symptoms that result in poor health-related quality of life (HRQOL
), a patient's comprehensive perception of physical and mental health.
The pain is one of the most frequently reported conditions associated with poor health-related quality of life (HRQOL
) in hemodialysis patients.
The need to adhere to a strict diet, frequent blood sampling to monitor the levels of Phe and regular visits to health services, can affect daily life and therefore have a negative impact on the health-related quality of life (HRQoL
) of individuals affected by PKU (11-13).
In contrast, knowledge about how smoking affects other aspects of health status like health-related quality of life (HRQoL
), a relevant measure to study the health of the population (Herdman, 2000), is scarce.