Henry IV knelt in front of an enthroned Pope Gregory VII
is about to kiss the pope's foot in the presence of Matilda.
In the context of the pope's struggle against Henry IV, Pope Gregory VII
spoke of the Church as "ecclesia non est ancilla, sed domina -- the Church is not a servant but a mistress" (Congar 1964: 105), while well intentioned in the context, we know the harm it goes on doing in the world.
The list includes Saint Peter, Leo the Great, Gregory the Great, Gregory VII
, Innocent III, Paul III, Pius IX, Pius XII, John XXIII, and John Paul II.
sought to enforce strict clerical celibacy, but five centuries later, the issue still challenged Paul III.
The exhibit also includes a request to annul Henry VIII's marriage to Catherine of Aragon and the 'Dictatus Papae' of Pope Gregory VII
, an 11th-century script asserting the spiritual and terrestrial powers of the head of the Roman Catholic Church.
As a good Catholic he starts with St Peter although he docs present the difficulties associated with this claim and then moves on, not surprisingly, to Leo the Great, Gregory the Great, Gregory VII
(the great eleventh century reforming pontiff), Innocent III (instigator of the Fourth Crusade), Paul ill (who coped with the Reformation and called the Council of Trent), Pius IX (the liberal turned conservative who entrenched the papacy against liberal nationalism), John XXIII (another reforming Pope who called the Second Vatican Council) and John Paul II (the Polish pontiff who was in Prof.
Thus, "Henry IV's" reported reference to Pope Gregory VII
as "a pagan
Pope Gregory VII
(reign, 1073-1085) worked harder than most popes to enforce clerical celibacy, but he met with considerable resistance, as did those who attempted to enforce his decrees.
1074: Pope Gregory VII
excommunicated all married priests.
Hugh was appointed by Pope Gregory VII
in 1073 to administer the decrees concerning reform within the Church.
AaPope Gregory VII
had excommunicated him after a conflict over the right to invest bishops throughout the German Reich.
In 1077, the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV made penance and humble submission to Pope Gregory VII
in the Italian village of Canossa an act that became the symbol of contrition and humiliation.
Susana Zapke assembled a formidable team of scholars from a variety of disciplines to address a topic of extraordinary complexity: the transition from the Old Hispanic Rite (also known as "Visigothic" or "Mozarabic"), to the Franco-Roman Rite that began in the Spanish kingdoms during the late eleventh century under Pope Gregory VII
(1073-1083), who sought to unify the form and order of the Roman Catholic liturgy throughout Christendom.
The Papal Reform of the Eleventh Century: lives of popes Leo IX and pope Gregory VII
Holland opens with the humiliation of the Emperor Henry IV before Pope Gregory VII
at Canossa in 1077 and ends with the bloodbath of the First Crusade in 1099.