The combination of granular synthesis and subtractive synthesis in various sound models can be found at http://www .jenkamusic.dk/niels/PhD/videos.html.
In some research, granular synthesis has been referred to as dynamic sound instead of procedural sound, as this technique includes small snippets of sample-based audio.
"The Development of GiST, a Granular Synthesis
Toolkit Based on an Extension of the FOF Generator." Proceedings of the International Computer Music Conference, Banff Canada, 296-302.
For the synthesis of the tape sounds, I have made use of programs (that I have written myself in such straightforward languages as TURBO PASCAL and QUICKBASIC) for non-real-time granular synthesis and processing of sound, running on a 486 PC.
In the composition of Plex, granular synthesis has been conceived as a method capable of projecting the fragmentation and complexity of the instrumental part down into the microstructure of sound.
The first two sections explore the wavelet transform, under the general theme of combined time-frequency representations, and the closely related technique of granular synthesis, and together occupy almost half the text, a dominance which certainly reflects their increasing importance to both composers and researchers, but which some readers may well feel is at the expense of reduced coverage of other important areas of research.
The next two papers, contributed by the editors, describe respectively asynchronous and pitch-synchronous granular synthesis. In the first of these, Curtis Roads demonstrates the need for high-level organization, when typically thousands of grains are to be generated each second, and shows how the technique blurs the distinction between "synthesis" and "composition," the moreso as he moves to explore the granulation of sampled sound -- a grain may contain any waveform, from a sine wave (broadly equivalent to a wavelet) to an acoustic sample.