Aretino's activities during his first years in Rome are unknown; he was probably a secretary of the banker Agostino Chigi; then he moved into the circle of Cardinal Giulio de' Medici, the future Pope Clement VII.
Aretino, a polemicist in the camp of Giulio de' Medici, emerged as a voice of Pasquino because he called attention to himself more so than others rather than for the quality of his production.
(32.) See Shearman, Raphael's Cartoons, 17, who cites as an example the oration composed by Giovanni Battista Gargha in 1513 that was done with the help of Leo's cousin and confidant Cardinal Giulio de' Medici
(later Pope Clement VII).
There seems no good reason to reject the statement of Benedetto Varchi that it was Cardinal Giulio de' Medici
who undertook the change to the palace.
Machiavelli's hopes were raised when, on the death of Duke Lorenzo, the Cardinal Giulio de' Medici came to govern Florence.
When Giulio de' Medici later became Pope Clement VII, Machiavelli served him until the sack of Rome by the forces of the Holy Roman emperor.
For twelve years, beginning in 1984, the group portrait Leo X with Cardinals Giulio de' Medici and Luigi de' Rossi (fig.
Cardinal Giulio de' Medici (1478-1534) was there when the humanist and papal domestic secretary Pietro Bembo (1470-1547) read the sentence against Petrucci, and the cardinal's appearance in Raphael's painting bears the "grave and calm" expression of that occasion.
Just one month after his election, he appointed his cousin Giulio de' Medici (1478-1534) archbishop of Florence.
88r) is marked by an illumination showing the interior of Santa Maria del Fiore with Pope Leo X before the choir, followed by a cardinal, possibly his cousin Giulio de' Medici (Fig.
The title page bears Cosimo's coat of arms, and the full title makes reference to its dedication to Giulio de' Medici
, "who then was made Supreme Pontiff and called Pope Clement VII." (76)
Reiss, "Giulio de' Medici
and Mario Maffei: A Renaissance Friendship and the Villa Madama"; Gyde Shepherd, "Raphael's 'Space Composition': From the Piccolomini Library to the Sistine Tapestries"; Susan Spinale, "The Specifics of Time and Place in the View of Venice of 1500"; Wendy J.
(49.) Pope Clement VII was Giulio de' Medici
, an illegitimate son of Giuliano who was killed in the Pazzi conspiracy.
The pregnant Flora's name confirms that she also is Fioretta, which we know to be the name of Giulio de' Medici
's mother from Pieraccini's discussion of the historical sources identifying her ambiguously either as Fioretta Gorini or as Fioretta del Cittadino.