Bartelmez's critical edition of Williram (Philadelphia, 1967) the Observationes are only listed as being a work not consulted.) Yet, as Rudolf von Raumer noted in 1870, in his day Junius was the greatest living authority on the Germanic languages
, and Konrad Burdach in 1924 remarked that he was a man of such comprehensive erudition and so far ahead of his time that his achievement must be accounted virtually superhuman.
Et is commonly assumed on the basis of comparative data furnished by other Germanic languages
that Sievers' law must have occurred prior to apocope (after heavy syllables) so that the latter could not obliterate the condition for its operation.
I will make reference to Dutch and German but would not be surprised if further examples could be furnished from other Germanic languages
. In Early German and Early Dutch de-verbal adjective formation was taken care of by cognates of Early English LIC, namely -lih and -lyk.
Finally, some scholars, beginning with Wilhelm Vietor (1890), postulated the identity of i-umlaut with vowel harmony, basing this interpretation on certain superficial similarities between Finno-Ugric and Germanic languages
. More recent scholarship, using advances in linguistic theory of the last hundred years, proved these two processes to be structurally different and mutually exclusive.
The aim that Jurgen Udolph sets himself in this short book is to provide a new explanation of the much contested word for the main Christian festival: English 'Easter', German 'Ostern' (all the other Germanic languages
use the loan-word pascha).
Broekhuis (linguistics, Leiden U., The Netherlands) presents an extensive investigation of object shift in the Germanic languages
within a derivation-and-evaluation framework developed by the author, in which the strengths of minimalist program and optimality theory are combined.
A thread that runs through most of these contributions is the analysis of Noun Phrases in Italian (often contrasted with other Romance and Germanic languages
A specialist in the phonological and grammatical systems of Germanic languages
, Plotkin begins by describing the current understanding of phonological systems and how and why they change.
The volumes dealing with the old Germanic languages
originally contained only sections on what, to retain the period flavour, we might call 'phonology and accidence', but a syntax had already been added to the Middle High German volume by 1884.
Scrambling refers to the relatively free word order permitted by some languages, Germanic languages
being closest to home for English speakers.
Whobrey (Germanic languages
and literatures, Yale U.) follows quotations from the Middle High German text with English translations specifically tailored to the point that Muller is making, rather than as passages in a translation of the entire text.
Modern English is unique among Germanic languages
in using a complex expression--a personal pronoun plus "-self"--as both a reflexive marker and an intensifier.
The German avant-garde did not die well before Hitler took power, as many scholars claims, argues Langston (Germanic languages
and literature, U.
Mailhammer expands upon his work on morphological and etymological study if Germanic strong verbs by investigating Germanic, the common ancestor to all Germanic languages
, centering on the topological position of ablaut in comparison to the parent language, which is Indo-European, the high degree of uniformity and organization, the fusion process involved in the language's genesis.
Scholars gathered in Bristol in April 2005 to pursue the bottom-up approach, looking at how changes in Germanic languages
over the past three centuries have impacted variants of the official tongues, many of them spoken in colonial contexts.