Paul's urgings are directed to the "strong" (14:13b, 15:1, 16:17), those who were ignoring minimal halakic regulations for righteous gentiles
, such as can be found in Acts 15:28-29 and in the Noahide laws developed later in rabbinic Judaism.
Stendahl, whose famous essay on 'Paul and the Introspective Conscience of the West' (1963) laid the foundations of Stowers' approach: rejection of Augustinian (and subsequent Western) readings of Paul; emphasis on the ethnic rather than the individual aspects of Paul's soteriology; and the notion that Paul conceived of salvation for Jews and Gentiles
along two different paths.
"If a gentile
were to get injured in a car accident during Sabbath, and he is brought to the hospital -- Israel must not treat him," he said, explaining that "if the particular procedures come from rabbis (de-rabbanan), then they might be permitted, but if they stem from prohibitions in the Torah (de-'oraita), then they are not allowed, as the Torah forbids to violate the Sabbath for gentiles
Thus, Shahak declares, "The Halakah forbids Jews to sell immovable property -- fields and houses -- in the land of Israel to Gentiles
. It is therefore clear that -- exactly as the leaders and sympathizers of Gush Emunim say -- the whole question of how the Palestinians ought to be treated is, according to the Halakah, simply a question of Jewish power; if Jews have sufficient power then it is their religious duty to expel the Palestinians ...
Johnson emphasizes, however, the elements of doubt involved, and the consequent need to move into unchartered territories (the decision to admit the Gentiles
to full table fellowship, for example, was quite daring, and perhaps opens up some interesting parallels with new decisions facing the Church today, both formally and materially).
the true fulfilment in letter and spirit, of the oracles of God' and if two of those oracles specifically associate the work of Jesus with Gentiles
(4: 15-16 and 12: 18-21), then the attempt to make sense of 10: 5 and 10: 23 by stressing Jesus' dedication to Israel as against the later Church's Gentile
involvement seems to reveal a fracture in the redactional structure.
"Halakhically they are not Jews, but they are good Gentiles
," he said during an interview on Arutz Sheva's Hebrew website.
It may be helpful, or at least comforting, to observe that for all the rejoicing at the end of Peter's speech, the issue of what to do with the gentiles
doesn't go away quickly.
Under the theme "Jesus, the Light of the Gentiles
," portrayed in art are some of the prophecies which anticipated the coming of the Messiah.
Consequently the changing character of the community (embracing Gentiles
as well as Jews) entailed the changing character of its Christology.
I propose that the people of Israel hire Gentiles
to run their Government!
Continue reading "Daf Yomi: Pagan Gentiles
Are Immoral, Weak, Abusive, Untrustworthy, and Murderous" at...
He goes on to ask the reader to consider a profound question: "How much are Gentiles
supposed to live as Jews, and how much are Jews supposed to live like Gentiles
?" He concludes the book with five principles from Paul's letter to the Romans for application to our lives and in the church today as Jewish and Gentile
Attitudes to Gentiles
in Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity (reprint, 2013)
said that he dreamt of a day "when all of God's children, black men and white men, Jews and Gentiles
, Protestants and Catholics, will he able to join hands and sing in the words of the old Negro spiritual: 'Free at last!