Ground vegetation was dominated by salal (Gaultheria shallon Pursh) and Oregon grape (Mahonia nervosa (Pursh) Nutt.) at the N-poor sites and by sword fern (Polystichum munitum (Kaulf.) Presl.) at the N-rich sites.
This paper documents some of the ecological knowledge of several NTFP harvesters working on the Olympic Peninsula, Washington, focusing on the ecology and harvest of one species, salal (Gaultheria shallon).
In the shady understory, salal (Gaultheria shallon), a low-growing shrub (Fig.