The first to render Fyodor Dostoyevsky
and Anton Chekhov into English, she also translated the complete works of Ivan Turgenev and Nikolay Gogol and major works of Leo Tolstoy.
Lav's fourhour modern take on Fyodor Dostoyevsky
's "Crime and Punishment," which landed on many international critics' lists of best films of 2014, is up against two of this awards season's top contenders, Poland's "Ida" and Russia's "Leviathan," which won the Golden Globe Awards' best foreign film prize last month.
He was immensely drawn to the works of Edgar Allan Poe, Guy de Maupassant, his contemporary Franz Kafka, and the 19th-century masters Anton Chekhov and Fyodor Dostoyevsky
. He translated many works of Kafka, including In der Strafkolonie (In the PenalColony), for which he wrote a revealing introduction called "Payam-e Kafka" ("Kafka's Message").
But how will my students, who are training to be professors of education, be able to give lectures on life and learning if they do not even know one book written by Leo Tolstoy or Fyodor Dostoyevsky
, Charles Dickens or Thomas Hardy, John Steinbeck or Ernest Hemingway, if they have not read one book by John Dewey or Alfred North Whitehead, Howard Gardner or Robert Sternberg, Steven Pinker or Edward de Bono?
Its psychologically probing portrait of a disillusioned 19th-century aristocrat and its use of a nonchronological and multifaceted narrative structure influenced such later Russian authors as Fyodor Dostoyevsky
and Leo Tolstoy and presaged the antiheroes and antinovels of 20th-century fiction.
His major works include studies on Fyodor Dostoyevsky
In his approach to characterization and plot construction, he was similar to the 19th-century Russian novelist Fyodor Dostoyevsky
. His characters are explored and revealed from within, and the plots are many-leveled.
Micinski studied at the University of Krakow and was influenced by Polish messianism and by Friedrich Nietzsche and Fyodor Dostoyevsky
. His passionate metaphysical concerns led him to an obsessive concentration on the problem of good and evil.
Notes from the Underground Short story by Fyodor DOSTOYEVSKY
, first published in Russian as Zapiski iz podpolya in 1864.
During this period and just before, Charles Dickens, William Makepeace Thackeray, and George Eliot were writing in England; Honore de Balzac, Gustave Flaubert, and Emile Zola in France; Ivan Turgenev, Leo Tolstoy, and Fyodor Dostoyevsky
in Russia; and Nathaniel Hawthorne and Herman Melville in the United States.
Leo Tolstoy's Smert Ivana Ilicha ( The Death of Ivan Ilich), Fyodor Dostoyevsky
's Zapiski iz podpolya (Notes from the Underground ), Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness, and Henry James's "The Aspern Papers" are examples of novellas.
An overtly psychological approach is found among many novels written from the 18th century on, including Samuel Richardson's Pamela (1740), Laurence Sterne's Tristram Shandy (1759-67), and the works of Fyodor Dostoyevsky
, Leo Tolstoy, George Eliot, and George Meredith.
About 1880 he married Apollinaria Suslova, former mistress of the novelist Fyodor Dostoyevsky
. He attracted attention in 1890 with a critical analysis of the "Legend of the Grand Inquisitor" chapter in The Brothers Karamazov, the first study in depth of Dostoyevsky's work.
Schaffner's writing is colorful, spirited, and imaginative; his convictions, which were those of the philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche and, to some extent, of Fyodor Dostoyevsky
, finally led him to follow the lure of Nazism.
He continued to write voluminously, publishing historical novels, film criticism, and highly praised studies of Leo Tolstoy, Fyodor Dostoyevsky
, and Vladimir Mayakovsky.