In past decades, the properties of charged fullerenes
have been actively investigated, both experimentally and theoretically [12,25,26,32,34,38,41,42,43].
Three-dimensional molecule editing techniques and structural optimization using semiempirical PM7 Hamiltonian , and molecular docking were used to predict in silico the interaction energy between Ops pesticides and fullerene
derivatives, designed based on AChE active site, as target to the organophosphates compounds, to describe in molecular level the interaction of Ops with proposed molecules.
The first carbon nanostructure in closed cage-shaped (fullerenes
) was discovered in 1985 by Kroto et al.
The global nanotechnology drug delivery systems market segmentation is based on technology types (nanocrystals, nanoparticles, dendrimers, gold nanoparticles, fullerenes
, liposomes, micelles, nanotubes), and its applications (anti-infective, anti-inflammatory, immunology, cardiovascular, physiology, neurology, oncology).
Ektefa, "Theoretical study on the mechanism of reactions of CX3 radicals (X = H, F, Cl and Br) with C20H20 and C20F20 fullerenes
," Journal of Molecular Structure, vol 1127, pp.
1RFourier spectroscopic studies of structural changes in fullerenes
[C.sub.60] and [C.sub.70]-toluene systems.
Buseck, "Concerning fullerenes
in shungite," Carbon, vol.
[9.] Yadav B.C., Kumar R.: Structure, properties and applications of fullerenes
This loss is called reorganization energy, but NREL researchers found little energy was lost when pairing SWCNT semiconductors with fullerene
Amorphous shungite carbon: A natural medium for the formation of fullerenes
. Technical Physics Letters, 26(8), 689-693, http://dx.doi.
Olmstead, C 60 Cl 6 , C 60 Br 8 and C 60 (NO 2 ) 6 as selective tools in organic synthesis Fullerenes
They also typically use fullerenes
as the acceptor material due to its high electron mobility and inherent talent for accepting stable electrons.
While the physical properties of the graphene, carbon nanotubes and fullerenes
materials are considered to be unique they have, until now, proven to be difficult to manufacture in quantity.
The cages have faces of 12 regular pentagons and up to 480 irregular hexagons, which puts them into a category of shapes called fullerenes
. However, unlike most previously known fullerenes
, the new shapes' faces are flat rather than warped, and the atoms in the molecule are equally spaced.
This lead to research in composite materials and processes to the study of carbon-based surface modification and thus obtaining carbon nanotubes and fullerenes
, paving the way for nanotechnology and nanomaterials , , .