The 20th century saw the appearance of new literary figurations of nature, including the Franciscanism
of some lyrical approaches and so-called poetic hilozoismo.
Rohr says that he himself is "formed by twentieth-century American culture, for good or for ill, by Catholic theology, for good or for ill, and by the wisdom traditions of Native and world religions -- especially Franciscanism
, which has largely been for the good." He offers the "sacrament of the present moment" as a way of moving beyond the confines of doctrine and dogma into the living spirit of the Christian mystical tradition and the transformational power of contemplation and non-rational belief.
"They are thinking above all of the Europe of tomorrow," Eco writes, however, "those who want the clause remind us that secularism is a recent European acquisition, a legacy of the French Revolution: nothing to do with roots sunk deep in monasticism or Franciscanism
." Taking a different tact, Eco instead asks if Europe has developed solely on the basis of Christian culture.
Knox (history, Marquette U.) investigates Clare's (1194-1253) ambiguous position in the development of female Franciscanism
, caught between reports that Francis was hostile to women general and particularly to the idea of women Franciscans, and the persistent tradition that she was his partner in founding the Second Order.
Giuseppe Mazzotta's essay "Dante's Franciscanism
" is a magisterial analysis of Inferno 27, "Guido's mockery of Franciscan principles," raising issues of political theology, the liberal arts, and Franciscan assaults on logic and grammar.
81); Chapter 3 studies the trope of poverty in Angiolieri's poetic corpus, looking outward to the goliardic tradition, Rutebeuf, and the Archpoet as well as to medieval Italian sources, and making some interesting claims about the parodic impulse Angiolieri apparently directs towards Franciscanism
; Chapter 4 presents Angiolieri as a practitioner of vituperium, connecting him with Rustico di Filippo and reading him, innovatively enough, in a theoretical light cast by Luigi Pirandello; and Chapter 5 reads his (at least purported) poetic correspondences with Dante, the otherwise unknown' Simone', and Dante's defender Guelfo Taviani, in an attempt both to position Angiolieri in the tradition of the tenzone and to assess his cultural impact on his poetic contemporaries and successors.
Jose Sebastiao da Silva Dias refers to the presence of Capuchins or reformed Franciscans in Portugal, attempting to recover the poverty, humility, penances and mystical elevation characteristic of the beginnings of Franciscanism
, since the first years of the sixteenth century.
Dunbar's knowledge of Franciscanism
has not gone unnoticed by scholars.
Unquestionably he deeply admired the religious ideal of disengagement from the world, the espousal of poverty, and the doctrine of the transcendence of charity at the heart of ideal Franciscanism
, as indeed of Christianity in pristino statu.
is particularly embodied in the language he uses in his writing.
"I believe that certain aspects of primitive Franciscanism
could best satisfy the deepest aspirations and needs of a humanity that, enslaved by its greed and having totally forgotten the Povarello's lesson, has also lost its joy of life." (14) "It is the theme of this strength, of the enormous strength of innocence that I have wanted to tackle one more time in The Flowers.
Chapter 2, which examines, as the title states, "Codicological evidence for Joachite Franciscanism
and Censorship in England before and after Wyclif" is a brilliant case in point.
Francis"; Elvira Giosi, "A Franciscan Explanation of Dante's cinquecento diece e cinque"; Giuseppe Mazzotta, "Dante's Franciscanism
"; Amanda D.
Whether delineating heaven or hell Dante appears to have done so under the influence of Franciscan teaching, and these ten essays carefully examine that relationship in such topics as Dante's take on Olivi and the Apocalypse, the influence of Clarissan spirituality, Saint Bernadino as a reader of Dante, what Dante learned from the example of Saint Francis, the origin of the reference to "five hundred and ten and five" in the Purgatorio, the evolution of Dante in Franciscanism
and the resulting character of Paradiso, the role of the cross in Dante and Chaucer, Dante's depiction of Saint Francis, and traces of the Franciscan in New Life.