As most authors recognise that this tribe was the one to which belonged the citizens of the civitates that received the ius Latii through the edict of 73-74 AD, it is plausible that Conimbriga and Aeminium were promoted in status in the time of the Flavians
Graham presents some pertinent arguments regarding the Flavian
period and Hadrian's principate, which provide a necessary corrective to some earlier views, and these chapters are among the most developed.
That the reputation of a poet of genius--the kind that graces the earth once every five centuries or so--should have come to rest on a piece of derivative rubbish that briefly became the bone of contention between the two superpowers is a memento mori every shudder as compelling as the Hollywood vision of Flavian
9) Three 'false Neros' appeared under the Flavians
, in Egypt and the East, each presenting an alternative version of past events, proving how important it was for Vespasian to establish a new, shared account of what had occurred.
Part II, "The Early Empire," covers the rise of Augustus and continues through the fall of the Julio-Claudians to the end of the Flavian
Dynasty in 98 CE.
The particular formulation whereby the victorious Flavians
surround the Vitellian column taunting them and aiming blows at them seems highly evocative of the Livian antecedent.
It is worth asking why modern scholars are so ready to elevate Dio to the position of amicus of the Flavians
The Julio-Claudian legacy had to be handled with care by the Flavians
14) claimed that even if Dio was not a courtier of the Flavians
4-5 and the three humbled emperors surely cannot be other than the three Flavians
Vespasian, Titus, and Domitian.
5) It is clear that the writers of annalistic histories who wrote under the Flavians
and who were the main sources upon which Suetonius drew for the period of Vespasian's pre-imperial life felt expected to laud the current dynasty and expose the failings of the Julio-Claudians and their transient successors; those writing after Domitian's death, like Tacitus and Suetonius, had a freer hand, but were still restrained by the continued existence and influence of friends and beneficiaries of the Flavians
18) The freedman officials who successfully survived the Claudian-Neronian period and attained high office under the Flavians
, including Domitian, did not fall into that category.
been influenced in part by negative literary treatments of the Flavians
Scott, The Imperial Cult under the Flavians
(Stuttgart, 1936), p.
1) Whereas the Augustan Ara Pacis stresses fertility in its decorative scheme, with abundant vegetation, children, and women intermingled amid the solemn aristocratic officials, (2) in surviving Flavian
art, fertility and motherhood appear not to have been significant themes.