The roles of placental growth hormone and placental lactogen in the regulation of human fetal growth
This is consistent with recent experimental findings suggesting that maternal ghrelin is easily transferred to the fetal circulation, and then prompts fetal growth
through direct stimulation of cell proliferation in the second half of pregnancy (18).
Key words: Fetal growth
, Biometry, Puerto Rican population, Sonography.
Prediction and perinatal outcomes of fetal growth
Exposures during early pregnancy may result in disruption of placental growth and functioning, leading to current and later impaired fetal growth
(van den Hooven et al.
There is positive correlation between shape of placenta, attachment of cord, number of cotyledons, placental diameter, weight, surface area and birth weight confirming the placental development is of utmost importance for fetal growth
The second important step is to remove fetal growth
restriction as a severity criterion.
The study was based on follow-up of the Western Australian Pregnancy (Raine) Cohort, which began in 1989-91 with the enrolment of 2900 mothers during pregnancy; their babies had regular assessment from birth, which included fetal growth
The presence of fetal growth
restriction, however, significantly increased the likelihood of stillbirth (RR, 2.
Maternal diet can affect fetal growth
and organ function.
Previous studies have indicated that circulating fetal DNA concentrations in maternal plasma are increased in pregnancies affected by preeclampsia (6, 7), fetal growth
restriction (8), or preterm labor (9); pregnancies with aneuploid fetuses (10, 11); and pregnancies affected by other pregnancy-related disorders involving an underlying placental pathology (12, 13).
A well-designed prospective study examining the relations between nutrition, alcohol use, pre-pregnancy weight, pregnancy weight gain, and fetal growth
would be valuable in determining what advice about diet and alcohol consumption is appropriate for women planning to become pregnant," the researchers conclude.
IGF are essential for fetal growth
and organ development.
7 Abnormal Fetal Growth
Related to Maternal Obesity
The gestational age is of utmost importance in the interpretation of biochemical tests such as the screening for the expanded maternal serum biomarkers (Human Chorionic Gonadrotrophin, Alfa Feto protein and the oestrogen and progestrone levels) for the risk assessment of various fetal anomalies, in evaluating the fetal growth
by distinguishing the normal from the pathological fetal development.