Table-III: Fasting plasma glucose
at the first trimester as a predictor for gestational diabetes mellitus.
10 ml of blood was drawn into plain tubes, ethylene diamine tetra acetic acid (EDTA) bottles and sodium fluoride bottles for estimation of fasting plasma glucose
(FPG), serum insulin and HbA1c.
Up to 10ml of blood was collected in ethylenediamine tetra acetic acid (EDTA) bottles, plain tubes and sodium fluoride bottles for estimation of glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), fasting plasma glucose
(FPG), serum insulin and lipid parameters.
Participants were further classified by their glucose tolerance using the criteria of the American Diabetes Association (ADA) ; subjects were categorized as having NGT (fasting plasma glucose
< 100 mg/dL and 2 h plasma glucose < 140 mg/dL), impaired fasting glucose (IFG) (fasting plasma glucose
= 100-125 mg/dL), and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) (2-hour plasma glucose = 140-199 mg/dL).
Fasting plasma glucose
was measured using a digital glucometer (Acu-checkA(r)).Total Cholesterol, Triglycerides, Low Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (LDLC), High Density Lipoproteins Cholesterol (HDLC) and Leptin were determined by commercially available kits and O.D was taken using Epoch, Biotek microplate reader (Highland Park, USA).
Newly diagnosed type II diabetics, Fasting Plasma Glucose
> 126 mg/dL on at least 2 occasions as per the ADA guidelines.
For example, 25 years before diagnosis, mean fasting plasma glucose
in the type 2 diabetes group was higher than controls at 90 mg/ dL vs.
In this study, central obesity seen in 82 patients (74.5%), raised low density lipoproteins in 19 patients (17.3%), raised cholesterol in 87 patients (79.1%), raised blood pressure in 65 patients (59.1%) and raised fasting plasma glucose
in 82 patients (74.5%).
Young adult men with acne were more likely to have insulin resistance and to have higher fasting plasma glucose
levels than were men of the same age who did not have acne, in a cross-sectional study of 20 to 32 year old men in India.
The prevalence of diabetes was determined based on a diagnosis of diabetes or evidence of based on fasting plasma glucose
greater than 126 mg/ dL, hemoglobin [A.sub.1c] of 6.5% or more, or 2-hour post prandial glucose greater than 200 mg/dL.
The guidance also states that women with gestational diabetes whose blood glucose levels have returned to normal after birth should also be offered lifestyle advice that includes weight control, diet and exercise, and a fasting plasma glucose
test 6-13 weeks after the birth to exclude diabetes.
subjects with a fasting plasma glucose
> 126 mg/dL and/or 2 hour plasma glucose level > 200 mg/dL and/or HbA1c > 6.5% were considered to have diabetes; subjects with a fasting plasma glucose
100 to 125 mg/dL (IFG) or 2 hour plasma glucose level 140 to 199 mg/dL (IGT) or HbA1c 5.7 to 6.4% were considered to have increased risk for diabetes (prediabetes); subjects with a fasting plasma glucose
< 110 mg/dL or 2 hour plasma glucose level < 140 mg/dL or HbA1c < 5.6% were regarded as a having normal glucose tolerance (NGT) (American Diabetes Association 2013).
The mean fasting plasma glucose
concentration increased in the selenium group from 132 mg/dl at baseline to 148 mg/dl, whereas it decreased in the placebo group from 150 mg/dl to 130 mg/dl (p < 0.01 for the difference in the change between groups).
They also had greater decreases in fasting plasma glucose
, C-peptide, glucagon, and hepatic fat content, and bigger improvements in insulin sensitivity.