Southwestern Range Limit of Fagus grandifolia
tomentosa Adult Cornus florida Adult Yes Fagus grandifolia
Sapling Yes Yes Fraxinus americana Sapling Juglans cinerea Sapling J.
The area lies in the transition hardwood zone (Westveld 1956), made up of a mixture of northern hardwoods such as Fagus grandifolia
, Acer saccharum, and Betula alleghaniensis with Tsuga canadensis, Acer rubrum, Pinus strobus, and more southern species such as Quercus rubra and Castanea dentata.
Its cover consisted primarily of Acer saccharum (34%) and Fagus grandifolia
(11.6%) in the overstory, and Lindera benzoin (14%) and Acer saccharum (13.1%) in the understory.
In 2004, we collected 291 juvenile and 368 adults from the trunks of pine trees (Pinus taeda) and hardwoods, including hickory (Carga sp.), red maple (Acer rubrum), American beech (Fagus grandifolia
), white oak (Quercus alba), and dogwood (Corpus florida).
0.1 Vaccinium arboreum Marshall 0.02 Fagus grandifolia
At present, the dominant tree species of the Huskey Branch watershed are American beech (Fagus grandifolia
) and yellow poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera).
Dominant species included sugar maple (Acer saccharum), eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis), American beech (Fagus grandifolia
), mountain silverbell (Halesia carolina), white basswood (Tilia heterophylla), yellow buckeye (Aesculus octandra), and yellow birch (Betula allegheniensis).
American beech is Fagus grandifolia
, while European beeches are from the species Fagus sylvatica and weigh slightly less than their American counterparts.
(1977, 1980) described two such forests in eastern Texas, one associated with the Neches River and dominated by Carpinus caroliniana Walt., Quercus nigra L., and Fraxinus caroliniana Mill., and a second on the shore of Toledo Bend Reservoir that is dominated by Fagus grandifolia
0.007 0.07 0.08 Aescuius flava 0.047 0.14 0.19 Betula alleghaniensis 0.054 0.21 0.26 Fagus grandifolia
0.024 0.07 0.09 Fraxinus americana 0.446 0.98 1.42 Liriodendron tulipifera 0.024 0.07 0.09 Nyssa sylvatica 0.024 0.07 0.09 Pinus strobus 0.014 0.14 0.15 Prunus serotina 0.014 0.14 0.15 Quercus rubra 0.054 0.21 0.26 Vines Isotrema macrophyllum 0.132 0.21 0.34 Smilax rotundifolia 0.030 0.14 0.17 Appendix 2.
Study site.--HWBFS is a 12 ha relatively flat, mesic forest (dominant canopy species include Acer saccharum, Fagus grandifolia
, and Quercus spp.) that was donated to Franklin College in 2006.
For example, pawpaw (Asimina triloba), American beech (Fagus grandifolia
), and jewelweed (Impatiens capensis) are disturbance tolerant and/or unpalatable species that may inhibit regeneration of more sensitive species under browsing pressure.
The Tellico area was dominated by northern hardwoods (oak, Quercus spp.; hickory, Carya spp.; yellow popular, Liriodendron tulipifera; black cherry Prunus serotina; yellow birch, Betula alleghaniensis; American beech, Fagus grandifolia
; sugar maple, Acer saccharum; and mountain maple, A.
Uprooted Tsuga canadensis demonstrate little survival after windthrow, and the subsequent forest may consist of distinct age and size cohorts of very different species: older, extremely shade-tolerant species (e.g., Tsuga canadensis and Fagus grandifolia
) that were present in the original understory, and younger, less shade-tolerant, wind-dispersed species that established after the disturbance (e.g.