Eta, whose initials stand for Euskadi ta Askatasuna
, or Basque Homeland and Freedom in the Basque language, is considered a "terrorist" group by Spain, the European Union and the US.
Along with PKK, New Zealand government has designated Somalia-based Al Shabaab, Spain's Euskadi Ta Askatasuna
(ETA), and the Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC) of Colombia as terrorist entities.
The perceived threat to the Basques, whose forebears have inhabited their Cantabrian enclave, which straddles the Spain-France border, for the past 30,000-40,000 years, is such an emotionally charged issue that it has given birth to a terrorist movement: ETA (Euskadi Ta Askatasuna
, or 'Basque Homeland and Liberty'), which recently celebrated 50 years of fighting for an independent Basque state.
They begin by exploring the variety of patterns of internationalization involving groups primarily active at the local or national level, such as the Irish Republican Army, the Euskadi ta Askatasuna
(Basque Homeland and Freedom), left-wing groups in Latin America, the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, the Nepalese Maoists, and Kashmiri Islamists.
Attacks were, for the most part, limited to the Basque regions and Corsica (the report cites Euskadi Ta Askatasuna
- ETA - in Spain,aseparatist terrorists in Corsica, and the rise of fundraising activities by the PKK in the EU related to the escalation of the terrorist campaign of Kurdish terrorists in Turkey).aFive attacks took place in the UK and one in Ireland.
An explosion at the new Terminal 4 parking garage of the Madrid Airport on December 30 is being attributed to the Basque terrorist group ETA (Euskadi Ta Askatasuna
, Basque for "Basque Homeland and Freedom").
ETA, which stands for Euskadi Ta Askatasuna
in the Basque language, or Basque Homeland and Freedom, has long complained about the Spanish government's policy of dispersing prisoners to jails far from their hometowns and families.
Spain has a long history of terrorist bombings attributed to Euskadi Ta Askatasuna
, or ETA, the Basque separatist movement.
Everyone's first thought was that it was the work of ETA, Euskadi ta Askatasuna
, the terrorist wing of Basque separatist party, Euskal Herritarok or EH, who have killed some 800 people since their inception in the Franco era.
The judge in Spain's national court who ordered the newspaper's closure maintained that the company which published Egunkaria was created, financed and directed by the Basque armed group Eta, Euskadi Ta Askatasuna
Fighting for a mixture of old-fashioned Marxism and secular nationalism, the group named Euskadi Ta Askatasuna
(Basque Fatherland and Liberty) is still killing after forty years.
ETA, is an acronym for Euskadi Ta Askatasuna
, which translates as `Basque Homeland and Freedom'.