Rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) is a calicivirus in the genus Lagovirus causing acute hepatic necrosis in European rabbits
(Oryctolagus cuniculus), leading to disseminated intravascular coagulation and death in [greater than or equal to]90% of susceptible animals (1).
One of the most important conservation problems in the island is the high density of European rabbit
(Oryctolagus cuniculus), with 20-22 rabbits per hectare and a total population of ca.
In some semi-arid agroecosystems in southern Spain, where vineyards are one of the most important crops in terms of income, employment and environmental impact, these crops are compromised by the damage caused by foraging wild European rabbits
In 1969, the European rabbit
flea was introduced to enhance the virus's spread in drier regions.
The European rabbit
Oryctolagus cuniculus is a key species in Iberian Mediterranean ecosystems (Valverde 1967, Delibes-Mateos et al.
Today's domestic rabbits are directly descended from the wild European rabbit
which originated in the Iberian Peninsular and spread, as only rabbits can, throughout North Europe.
Examples include the control of prickly pear cactus in Australia by a South American moth that naturally feeds on the tiger pear, and the control of the European rabbit
in Australia by a virus introduced from the South American tropical forest rabbit.
In addition, the European rabbit
is a gregarious species with a high reproductive rate.
To the Editor: In this investigation, we found evidence for the apparent effects that a new variant of the rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) is having on native wild European rabbit
(Oryctolagus cuniculus) populations on the Iberian Peninsula, and how this virus could threaten the conservation of endangered predators.
Before 2011, RHDV outbreaks in wild European rabbit
but is responsible for myxomatosis in the European rabbit
The European rabbit
(Oryctolagus cuniculus), a source of zoonotic cryptosporidiosis.
35% of animals, including the European rabbit
(Oryctolagus cunniculus), mice, mountain goats, domestic goats, sheep, and deer (9).
almost decimated the country mid last century, so Id hate to see that kind of explosion in numbers again, Mr Southwell said.
Behavioural and physiological responses of naive European rabbits
to predator odour.