INSPIRATION Astronomer Edwin Hubble
, right, with Einstein and other scientists
No one could have imagined then that the telescope - named for Edwin Hubble
, the astronomer who discovered the expansion of the universe - would become the most important astronomical instrument in history.
We were aware of Albert Einstein and his concept of a fourth dimension, but we had no idea that Edwin Hubble
was discovering that the universe is composed of millions of galaxies that are flying apart at tremendous velocities.
Astronomer Edwin Hubble
first thought the galaxy might belong to our own Local Group of galaxies, but current estimates now place it farther away, at about 6.
Several decades after Edwin Hubble
published his findings that the farther galaxies are drifting away faster than the nearby galaxies, Alan Goth was able to establish his Big Bang theory.
Hubble was named after the astronomer Edwin Hubble
For comparison, consider that the famous telescope on Southern CaliforniaAAEs Mount Wilson, with which Edwin Hubble
made some of the greatest scientific discoveries of the 20th century, had a mirror slightly larger than 8 feet across.
The astronomer usually credited for the discovery that the Universe is expanding, Edwin Hubble
, was not in fact the first astronomer to provide observational evidence of an expansion.
The nebula was discovered by William Herschel in 1783 but its variability was only recognised by Edwin Hubble
The story details the contributions made by not only Edwin Hubble
but also the many talented and scientists working behind the scenes, including Henrietta Leavitt, Vesto Slipher, Georges Lemaitre, Milton Humason, and Harlow Shapley.
As seen, this result provides a complete theoretical ground to the linear Hubble law, empirically obtained by Edwin Hubble
for small distances, and also to the non-linearity of the Hubble law observed at large distances close to the size of the Metagalaxy (the non-linearity is explained due to the exponent in our solution, which is sufficient at large r).
, an astronomer in California, wondered.
It was on this scope that famed astronomer Edwin Hubble
discovered the existence of galaxies beyond the Milky Way and realized that the universe was expanding -- the basis of the Big Bang theory of the universe's formation.
Enhanced with 74 photographs, cross-references, an extensive bibliography, a general index, and two subject indexes (one by discipline and one by year of birth) the scientists range from Rachel Carson, to Edwin Hubble
, to Linus Pauling, to Werner von Braun.
The blend of elegant deep-space photographs with timelines, commentary, and snippets of history--space medics, Charles Joseph Messier, wormhole theory, Edwin Hubble
, Pathfinder--concludes with 60 experiments and projects.